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Emissionsprognose

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  •  Language: German
      •  emission forecast[Edit] : The final step in a clean air plan is to predict future air quality to demonstrate that we can (if we can) meet the health standards by implementing the measures proposed in the plan. This is done by first projecting the emission inventory into the future, taking into account changes in population, housing, employment in specific business sectors, and vehicle miles traveled. These data are obtained from various sources and the resulting emissions are adjusted to account for regulations and control measures scheduled for implementation during the same time period. Additional adjustments are made to reflect large facilities that are expected to start up, modify, or shut down. The resulting inventory is an emission forecast, and is usually expressed in tons per day of particular pollutants for a given year. Additional steps may be required to determine how the forecasted quantities of air pollution will affect the overall air quality. One way to accomplish this is through computer modeling. A computer model simulates how pollutants disperse, react, and move in the air. The inputs to such a computer model are complex. They include weather patterns, terrain, and the chemical nature of air pollutants. (Source: APCD)
        •  Definition
          LanguageText
          BulgarianПоследният етап от даден план за чист въздух е предсказването на бъдещото качество на въздуха, за да се покаже че ние можем (ако можем) да отговорим на здравните стандарти чрез прилагането на мерките, предложени в плана. Това се прави, като първоначално с
          EnglishThe final step in a clean air plan is to predict future air quality to demonstrate that we can (if we can) meet the health standards by implementing the measures proposed in the plan. This is done by first projecting the emission inventory into the future, taking into account changes in population, housing, employment in specific business sectors, and vehicle miles traveled. These data are obtained from various sources and the resulting emissions are adjusted to account for regulations and control measures scheduled for implementation during the same time period. Additional adjustments are made to reflect large facilities that are expected to start up, modify, or shut down. The resulting inventory is an emission forecast, and is usually expressed in tons per day of particular pollutants for a given year. Additional steps may be required to determine how the forecasted quantities of air pollution will affect the overall air quality. One way to accomplish this is through computer modeling. A computer model simulates how pollutants disperse, react, and move in the air. The inputs to such a computer model are complex. They include weather patterns, terrain, and the chemical nature of air pollutants. (Source: APCD)
          InterlinguaLe passo final in un plano pro aere munde es previder le qualitate futur del aere pro demonstrar (si isto es possibile) que nos pote satisfacer le standardes de sanitate per implementar le mesuras proponite in le plano. Primo es necessari projectar le inventario de emission in le futuro, tenente conto del cambios in population, habitationes, empleo in specific sectores de commercio, e kilometrage de vehiculos. Iste datos es obtenite ab varie origines e le emissiones resultante es adjustate pro dar conto del regulationes e mesuras de controlo que es planate pro implementation durante le mesme periodo de tempore. Additional adjustamentos es facite pro reflecter grande installationes que es expectate de esser aperite, modificate, o claudite. Le inventario resultante es un prognostico de emission, e es generalmente exprimite in tonnas per die de polluentes particular pro un date anno. Additional mesuras pote esser necessari pro determinar como le previste quantitate de pollution del aere afficera le qualitate general del aere. Un del modos de complir isto es le uso de modellation computational. Un modello computational simula le dispersion, reaction e movimento in aere de polluentes. Le datos entrate in un tal modello computational es complexe. Illos include patronos meteorologic, datos super le terreno, e le natura chimic del polluentes del aere. (Origine: APCD)
          Polishostatni krok kończący plan czystego powietrza mający za zadanie opracowanie prognozy jakości powietrza w kontekście dopuszczalnych standardów, w przypadku zastosowania przedsięwzięć przewidzianych planem; najpierw przeprowadza się inwentaryzację emisji oraz prognozę biorąc pod uwagę zmiany w gęstości zaludnienia, budownictwie mieszkaniowym, zatrudnieniu i transporcie; dane uzyskane z różnych źródeł porównuje się do wartości standardowych wprowdzając jednocześnie środki umożliwiające kontrolę; przewiduje się również planowane uruchomienie, modernizację lub zamknięcie dużych przedsiębiorstw; w wyniku inwentaryzacji otrzymuje się prognozę emisji, wyrażoną w tonach na dzień dla poszczególnej substancji w poszczególnych latach
          SlovenianZadnji korak v načrtu za čist zrak je predvideti bodočo kakovost zraka, da prikažemo, da (če lahko) lahko dosežemo zdravstvene standarde z vpeljavo ukrepov, predlaganih v načrtu. To naredimo tako, da projiciramo popis emisij v prihodnost, upoštevamo spremembe v številu prebivalstva, poselitvi, zaposlitvi v določenih poslovnih dejavnostih, in prepotovanih kilometrih v vozilih. Te podatke pridobijo iz različnih virov in podane emisije se prilagodi tako, da se upoštevajo v pravilnikih in kontrolnih ukrepih, ki se jih namerava uporabiti v istem časovnem obdobju. Uvede se dodatne popravke, ki upoštevajo velike obrate, za katere se pričakuje, da jih bodo zgradili, modernizirali ali ukinili. Dobljeni popis je napoved emisij, ki se ponavadi izražajo v tonah določenega onesnaževala na dan v letu. Lahko so potrebni dodatni koraki, ki določijo kako bodo napovedane vrednosti onesnaževanja ozračja vplivale na celotno kakovost zraka. Eden izmed načinov kako to doseči je z uporabo računalniškega modeliranja. Računalniški model simulira kako se onesnaževala razmestijo, reagirajo in premikajo v zraku. Podatki, vneseni v tak računalniški model, so zelo kompleksni. Vključujejo vremenske vzorce, relief in kemične lastnosti onesnaževal zraka. (Vir: APCD)
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