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amino acid

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  •  Language: English
      • Substantive
        •  amino acid[Edit] : Organic compounds containing a carboxyl group (-COOH) and an amino group (-NH2). About 30 amino acids are known. They are fundamental constituents of living matter because protein molecules are made up of many amino acid molecules combined together. Amino acids are synthesized by green plants and some bacteria, but some (arginine, histidine, lysine. threonine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, phenylalanine, tryptophane) cannot be synthesized by animals and therefore are essential constituents of their diet. Proteins from specific plants may lack certain amino acids, so a vegetarian diet must include a wide range of plant products. (Source: ALL)
          •  Lexical annotations
          •  Definition
            LanguageText
            BulgarianОрганични съединения, съдържащи карбоксилна група (-СООН) и амино група (-NH2). Известни са около 30 аминокиселини. Те са фундаментални съставки на живата материя поради това, че молекулите на протеините са изградени от молекули на много аминокиселини, св
            CastilianComponente orgánico que contiene un grupo carboxilo (-COOH) y un grupo amino (-NH2). Se conocen cerca de 30 aminoácidos. Son constituyentes fundamentales de la materia viviente debido a que las moléculas de proteínas están formadas por la combinación de muchas moléculas de aminoácidos. Los aminoácidos son sintetizados por plantas verdes y algunas bacterias, sin embargo, algunas de ellas no pueden ser sintetizadas por animales por lo que son constituyentes esenciales de su dieta. Las proteínas de plantas específicas pueden carecer de ciertos aminoácidos, por lo que una dieta vegetariana debe incluir un ámplio rango de productos vegetales.
            EnglishOrganic compounds containing a carboxyl group (-COOH) and an amino group (-NH2). About 30 amino acids are known. They are fundamental constituents of living matter because protein molecules are made up of many amino acid molecules combined together. Amino acids are synthesized by green plants and some bacteria, but some (arginine, histidine, lysine. threonine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, phenylalanine, tryptophane) cannot be synthesized by animals and therefore are essential constituents of their diet. Proteins from specific plants may lack certain amino acids, so a vegetarian diet must include a wide range of plant products. (Source: ALL)
            ItalianComposto organico contenente un gruppo carbossile (-COOH) e un gruppo amminico (-NH2).
            Mandarin (simplified)包含一羧基(-COOH)和一氨基(-NH2)的有机化合物。约有30个已知的氨基酸。因为蛋白质分子就是由许多氨基酸分子组合形成的,所以它们是生物的最基本组成部分。氨基酸是由绿色植物和某些细菌合成,但(氨基胍基戊酸、组氨酸、赖氨酸、苏氨酸、蛋氨酸、异白氨酸、白氨酸、缬氨酸、氨基苯基丙酸、色氨酸)无法由动物合成因此是它们的饮食要素。某些植物的蛋白质可能缺乏某些氨基酸,因此一素食习惯须包括广大范围的植物食品。
            Polishzwiązki organiczne rozpuszczalne w wodzie, zawierające w cząsteczce co najmniej jedną grupę karboksylową (–COOH) i jedną aminową (–NH2), odznaczające się właściwościami elektrolitów amfoterycznych
            SlovenianOrganske spojine, ki vsebujejo karboksilno skupino (-COOH) in amino skupino (-NH2). Znanih je približno 30 aminokislin. So osnova živih organizmov, saj so molekule beljakovin sestavljene iz mnogih, med seboj povezanih molekul aminokislin. Aminokisline sintetizirajo zelene rastline in nekatere bakterije. Nekaterih živali in ljudje ne morejo sintetizirati, zato je bistvenega pomena, da jih dobijo s hrano. Beljakovine iz nekaterih rastlin ne vsebujejo določenih aminokislin, zato morajo vegetarijanci vključiti širši nabor živil rastlinskega izvora v svojo prehrano. (Vir: ALL)
            SwedishOrganiska föreningar innehållande en karboxylgrupp (-COOH) och en aminogrupp (-NH2). Man känner till ungefär 30 aminosyror. De är grundläggande beståndsdelar i all levande materia, eftersom proteiner besetår av många aminosyremolekyler som satts ihop. Aminosyror syntetiserar av gröna växter och en del bakterier, men djur kan inte syntetisera en del av dem (arginin, histidin, lysin, treonin, metionen, isoleucin, leucin, valin, fenylalanin, tryptofan) och dessa är därför essentiella beståndsdelar av djurens diet. Proteiner från en särskild växt kan sakna vissa aminosyror, så vegetarisk kost måste innehålla produkter från många olika växter.
          •  Synonyms and translations
          •  Semantic annotations
          •  Class membership
            Class
            anatomy
          •  Collection membership
            CollectionSource identifier
            GEneral Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus
            Mappingb96ee8ae-9f0d-102a-a03d-00137254351f
          •  Incoming relations
            Related toRelation type
            organonitrogen compoundhyponym