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Help:Part of speech/zh

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The mandarin (chinese) parts of speech are:

Note: Pattern is as follows:

traditional mandarin (simplified mandarin; english)

名詞 / Noun[edit]

  • doubling a noun means for every
    • 人人 = every one
    • 天天 = every day
  • postfix 们 means plural; but only when plural is not clear:
    • 老师 = Teacher (singular)
    • 老师们 = Teachers (plural)
    • 五个老师 = 5 Teacher (plural; no need for the postfix)

作主语 / Noun as subject[edit]

北京 中国 首都
north capital
is center nation
of capital
The capital city of the north (Beijing) is the capital city of the whole center nation (China).

Summer sky hot
In Summer it is hot.

西边 操场
west direction is sport field
On the west side is the sportfield.

老师 我们
teacher give me (plural) first lesson
The teacher gives us the first lesson

作宾语 / Noun as object[edit]

Xiaoyun watch/read book
Xiaoyun reads a book

now existing is five point (o'clock)
Now it is five o'clock.

我们 东边
me (plural) furniture (house) located/exists east direction
Our house is located in the east.

I write do study
I write my homework.

作定语 / Noun as Attribute[edit]

中国 瓷器
This is China chinaware/porcelain tool
This is a chinese porcelain tool.

喜欢 夏天 夜晚
I be happy summer sky of night evening
I like summer's evening/night sky.

英语 语法 较简 气色
English language tell method comparatively complexion
The english grammar is comparatively complex.

妈妈 衣服 那儿
Mama's clothes located/exists there
Mother's dress is there.

Noun as adverbial adjunct[edit]

Only applies to time nouns and location nouns.

我们 晚上 上课
me (plural) evening (attend; in the) (attend; join) lesson
We have a lesson in the evening.

you (formal) inside (as noun) please (to invite)
Come in please.

我们 外边
me (plural) outside (as noun) speak/talk
Let us talk outside.

代名詞 / Pronoun[edit]

Note: 其 is used to express his, her, its, theirs, that, such, it

動詞 / Verb[edit]

作谓语 / Verb as predicate[edit]

喜欢 北京
I like Beijing
I stand at constant wall (Great Wall) top
I am standing on the top of the Great Wall

作主语 / Verb as subject[edit]

浪费 可耻
(to) waste disgraceful
Waste is disgraceful.
比赛 结束
competition ended (completely finished)
The competition ended.

作定语 / Verb as attribute[edit]

  • 的 must be added to a verb used as an attributive
吃的 东西 吗?
You have eat of east west (things/something) (question)
Do you have something 'to eat?
说的 正确
He persuade (politically) of speak very correct
He persuades by speaking correct. (He is saying the truth)

作宾语 / Verb as object[edit]

喜欢 学习
I like study
I like studying
我们 十点 结束了 讨论
me (plural) 10 o'clock finally finished discussion
We finished the discussion at 10 o'clock.

作补语 / Verb as complement[edit]

I listen proper understand
I hear and understand properly. (I understand)
He watch/guard not see
He (watches for but) can't see it.

作状语 / Verb as adverbial adjunct[edit]

  • 地 (-ly) must be added to a verb used as an adverbial adjunct:
父母 热情地 接待
He/His father & mother (parents) hot feeling (enthusiasticly) receive (past) me
His parents welcomed me (warm and) enthusiasticly.
学生们 认真地 老师
study life (living student; plural) seriously listen teacher talk subject
The students are seriously listening to the teacher (while the teacher talks about a subject).

Important cases[edit]

  • Chinese verbs have no morphological change. Ie. 是 refers to each of "am", "is", "was", "are", "do", "did", etc.
  • The particle 着 is suffixed to a verb to emphasize the present. (I am in Beijing)
  • The particle 了 is suffixed to a verb to emphasize the past. (I was in Beijing)
  • The particle 过 is suffixed to a verb to emphasize the past with special stress. (I have been to Beijing)

辅助动词 / Auxiliary verb[edit]

  • express capability:
    • = can, may, capable, able
    • 能够 = capable, able to
    • = can, possible, able to, assemble
  • expressing possibility:
    • = can, may, capable, able
    • 能够 = capable of; able to
    • = can, possible, able to, assemble
    • 可以 = can, may, possible, able to
    • 可能 = might (happen), possible, probable, possibility, probability
  • express necessity by reason:
    • 应该 = ought to, should, must
    • 应当 = should, ought to
    • = that, the above-mentioned, most likely, deserve, should, ought to, owe
    • = demand, ask, request, coerce
  • express obligation:
    • 必须 = have to, must
    • = obtain, get, gain, proper, suitable, proud, contented, allow, permit, ready, finished
  • express willingness:
    • = demand, ask, request, coerce
    • = think, believe, suppose, wish, want, miss
    • 愿意 = wish, want, ready, willing
    • = dare
    • = agree, consent, being ready, willing

  • 必須 (必须; to have to; must)
  • (; a sentence particle used after a verb to show effect; degree or possibility)
  • (; to have to; must; ought to; to need to)
  • (; that; the above-mentioned; most likely; to deserve; should; ought to; owe)
  • (; can; be possible; be able to; to assemble; to meet; to gather; to see; union; group; association)
  • 可能 (可能; might (happen); possible; probable; possibility; probability)
  • 可以 (可以; can; may; possible; able to)
  • (; can; may; capable; energy; able)
  • (; to think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss)
  • (; important; vital; to want; to be going to; must)
  • 應該 (应该; ought to; should; must)
  • 願意 (愿意; to wish; to want; ready; willing (to do sth))
  • 準備 (准备; preparation; prepare)

形容詞 / Adjective[edit]

  • describe shape:
    • = big, huge, large, major, great, wide, deep, oldest, eldest
    • = small, tiny, few, young
    • = high, tall
    • = short (not tall)
    • = bonus, popular, red, revolutionary
    • 绿 = green, chlorine
    • = even
    • 美丽 = beautiful
  • describe property or quality:
    • = good, well
    • = good, well
    • = cold
    • = warm, hot
    • = right (not false)
    • = uneven, wrong, false
    • 正确 = correct, proper
    • 伟大 = great, mighty, large
    • 优秀 = outstanding, excellent
    • 严重 = grave, serious, severe, critical
  • describe the state of movement or action:
    • = fast, quick, swift
    • = slow
    • 紧张 = nervous, keyed up, intense, tense, strained, scarce
    • 流利 = fluent
    • 认真 = earnest, serious
    • 熟练 = practiced, proficient, skilled, skillful
    • 残酷 = cruel

Traditional Simplified Definition
short (not tall)
fantastic; a stick; club or cudgel; smart; capable; strong
thin; slight
彆扭 别扭 awkward; uncomfortable
不錯 不错 correct; right; not bad; pretty good
不同 不同 different; distinct; not the same; not alike
曾經 曾经 once; at one time; (refers to something that happened previously)
潮濕 潮湿 damp; moist
趁早 趁早 (do) while you can
純棉 纯棉 pure cotton
coarse; rough; thick; unfinished; vulgar; rude; crude
big; huge; large; major; great; wide; deep; oldest; eldest
bill; list; form; single; only; sole
倒黴 倒霉 bad luck
動不動就 动不动就 to do something too readily
多葉 多叶 leafy
分明 分明 clearly demarcated; sharply contoured
dry; to concern; shield
乾巴巴 乾巴巴 dry and dull
high; tall
高速 高速 high speed
高興 高兴 happy; glad; willing (to do sth); in a cheerful mood
更別說 更别说 let alone; to say nothing of
公共 公共 public; common (use)
to reach; to be enough
accustomed to; used to
广 wide; numerous; to spread
expensive; noble; your (name); precious
good; well
好吃 好吃 tasty; delicious
好喝 好喝 good to drink
好看 好看 good-looking
好玩 好玩 fun
好笑 好笑 funny
盒裝的 盒装的 boxed
black; dark
bonus; popular; red; revolutionary
to slide; slippery; smooth; comical; cunning
(surname); sulfur; yellow
基本 基本 basic; fundamental; main
激動 激动 to excite; to agitate; exciting
hurried; worried
急躁 急躁 irritable; irascible; impetuous
簡單 简单 simple; not complicated
near; close (to); approximately
開朗 开朗 outgoing and cheerful; (adj) well lit; suddenly become bright and clear; (adj)carefree; without worry
可愛 可爱 amiable; cute; lovely
可怕 可怕 awful; dreadful; fearful; formidable; frightful; hideous; horrible; terrible; terribly
客氣 客气 polite
air; sky; empty; in vain
bitter; intensely; miserable; painful
cool; ruthless; strong (as of wine)
快樂 快乐 happy; merry
hot (spicy); pungent
(a prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family to indicate affection or familiar
tired; implicate
理想 理想 ideal
厲害 厉害 terrible; formidable
涼快 凉快 nice and cold; pleasantly cool
流利 流利 fluent
绿 green; chlorine
囉嗦 罗嗦 repetitious; fuzzy
beautiful; America
美式 美式 American style
smother; stuffy
模仿 模仿 to imitate; to copy
拿手 拿手 expert in; good at
difficult (to...); problem; difficulty; difficult; not good
難受 难受 feel unwell; suffer pain
難聽 难听 (of words) ugly
tender; soft
female; woman
暖和 暖和 warm; nice and warm
fat; plump
便宜 便宜 inexpensive
片面 片面 unilateral; one-sided
漂亮 漂亮 pretty; beautiful
其他的 其他的 other
勤儉 勤俭 hardworking and thrifty
clear; distinct; complete; pure
light; easy, simple; gentle
清楚 清楚 clear; clearly understood; distinct
清淡 清淡 light; bland
情愛 情爱 dear; beloved
heat; to heat up; fervent; hot (of weather); warm up
容易 容易 easy; likely; liable (to)
soft; flexible
沙啞 沙哑 hoarse
few; little; lack
deep; profound
tight; thin; lean
舒服 舒服 comfortable
handsome; commander-in-chief; to command
sour; sore; ache; acid
挑剔 挑剔 fastidious, picky
通情達理 通情达理 understanding and reasonable
團團轉 团团转 busy, (literally, "running around in circles")
evening; night; late
fragrant; incense; (of food) savory; appetizing; sweet; scented; popular
詳細 详细 detailed; in detail; minute
small; tiny; few; young
小康 小康 relative comfortable life
meso- (chem.); new; newly
新婚 新婚 newly married
辛苦 辛苦 hard; exhausting; with much toil
一樣 一样 same; like; equal to; the same as; just like
(of weather) overcast; Yin; feminine; moon; cloudy; negative (electric.); shady
用功 用功 diligent; industrious (in one's studies)
oil; sly
far; distant; remote
遠遠地 远远地 from a distance
在世 在世 be livng; exist
糟糕 糟糕 too bad; how terrible; what bad luck; terrible; bad
early; morning
within; among; in; middle; center; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese
heavy; serious

嘆詞 / Interjection[edit]

  • = hey, lookout, why, etc.
  • = realization or agreement (yes, oh, right, etc.)
  • = express doubt or question; show realization or stress; surprise; oh; ah
  • 啊呀 = oh
  • = hello, feed (someone or some animal), hey, telephone greeting
  • = Oh; sound made when expressing surprise; (idiom) used at end of sentence as an exclamation
  • 呜呜 = boo hoo
  • = admiration or disgust
  • = approval, belch
  • = disapproval
  • = regret
  • = surprise
  • = surprise
  • 愚人節快樂 = April Fool!
  • = sighing sound
  • = happy, sound of laughter
  • = contempt
  • 哎呀 = wonder, shock or admiration
  • = contempt

/ Conjunction[edit]

量词 / Measure Word[edit]

  • (; (a measure word); (marker for direct-object); to hold; to contain; to grasp; to take hold of))
  • (; team; class; rank; squad; a work shift; (a measure word for regularly scheduled transportation services); (a surname))
  • (; to assist; to support; to help; group; gang; party)
  • (; a measure word; pound (unit of measurement); scale; weigh)
  • (; to cover; to wrap; to hold; to include; to take charge of; package; wrapper; container; bag; to hold or embrace; bundle; packet; to contract (to or for))
  • (; cup; a measure word)
  • (; roots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; (a measure word))
  • (; ministry; department; section; part; division; troops; board; (a measure word); (a measure word for works of literature, films, machines, etc.))
  • (; book (a measure word for books); booklet)
  • (; a measure word for layers; laminated; repeated; floor; story (of a building); layer)
  • (; a courtyard; open space; place; field; a measure word; (a measure word, used for sport or recreation))
  • (; a Chinese foot (M); Chinese musical note; a ruler)
  • (; foot (English))
  • (; to go out; to come out; to occur; to produce; to go beyond; to rise; to put forth; to occur; to happen; (a measure word for dramas, plays, or operas))
  • (; to string together; to mix up; to conspire; to connect; (a measure word); string)
  • (; bed; couch; (a measure word))
  • (; (measure word for houses); tents)
  • (; nth; number (of times); order; sequence; next; second(ary); (measure word))
  • (; crowded; frame work for silkworms; gather foliage; a measure word; bunch)
  • (; a unit of length; inch; thumb)
  • (; direction; way; method; road; path; principle; truth; reason; skill; method; Tao (of Taoism); a measure word; to say; to speak; to talk)
  • (; (downwards-right convex character stroke); o'clock; (a measure word); point; dot; (decimal) point))
  • 點兒 (点儿; a little)
  • 點鐘 (点钟; (indicating time of day) o'clock)
  • (; go against; most; peak; top; to replace; to substitute; a measure word (use with "hat"))
  • (; roof beam, (measure word for houses))
  • (; capacity; degree; standard)
  • (; ton)
  • (; a time; jerk; stop; meal; bout; spell; (measure word for meals))
  • (; M for flowers)
  • (; (measure word for acts); deeds; foreign)
  • (; to divide; minute; (a measure word); (a unit of length = 0.33 centimeter))
  • (; (a measure word for gifts, copies of a newspaper, magazine, etc.); share; portion; part)
  • (; to confer; to grant; to seal; (a measure word))
  • (; (measure word for textile or picture); width; roll)
  • (; secondary; auxiliary; deputy; assistant; vice-; (measure word for a pair))
  • (; (a measure word); individual)
  • (; radical (chem.); root; basis; (a measure word for long, thin objects)
  • 公秉 (公秉; kiloliter)
  • 公尺 (公尺; meter)
  • 公寸 (公寸; decimeter)
  • 公撮 (公撮; milliliter)
  • 公斗 (公斗; decaliter)
  • 公噸 (公吨; ton; metric ton)
  • 公分 (公分; centimeter; gram)
  • 公斤 (公斤; kilogram)
  • 公釐 (公厘; decigram; millimeter)
  • 公里 (公里; kilometer)
  • 公兩 (公两; hectogram)
  • 公頃 (公顷; hectare)
  • 公升 (公升; liter)
  • 公石 (公石; hectoliter)
  • 公引 (公引; hectometer)
  • 公丈 (公丈; decameter)
  • (; share; portion; section; part; thigh; (a measure word, e.g. use with electric current); whiff)
  • 毫克 (毫克; milligram)
  • 毫米 (毫米; millimeter)
  • (; day of a month; (suffix used after) name of a ship; (ordinal) number)
  • (; box; case)
  • (; pot; (a measure word))
  • (; (a measure word for matters or actions) a time; to circle; to go back; to turn around; to answer; to return; to revolve)
  • (; (Cant.) a lump; measure word)
  • (; -ist; -er; -ian; home; family; a person engaged in a certain art or profession)
  • 加崙 (加仑; gallon)
  • (; between; among; space; (measure word))
  • (; (a measure word for thing; clothes; item)
  • (; angle; horn; horn-shaped)
  • (; festival; section; temperate; point; part)
  • (; catty)
  • (; (a measure word used for games) set or round office; situation; office)
  • (; (a measure word, for sentences or lines of verse); sentence)
  • (; to roll (up); to sweep up; to carry on)
  • (; (measure word for trees, plants))
  • (; (measure word for small spheres))
  • (; gram; subdue; to restrain; to overcome)
  • (; quarter (hour); (a measure word); to carve; to engrave; to cut; oppressive)
  • (; mouth; (a measure word))
  • (; yuan (unit of currency); fast (of a watch); swift; rapid; happy; joyful; soon; quick; (a measure word, for cloth, cake, soap); lump)
  • 厘克 (厘克; centigram)
  • 厘米 (厘米; centimeter)
  • 厘升 (厘升; centiliter)
  • (; mile)
  • (; nautical mile)
  • (; li, a Chinese unit of length = 1; 2 kilometer; village; within; inside)
  • 立方米 (立方米; cubic meter (unit of volume))
  • (; (a numeral-measure word) two; both)
  • (; both; two; ounce; some; a few; tael)
  • (; (a measure word for vehicles))
  • (; to arrange; to line up; row; file; series)
  • (; pile up)
  • (; a weight; number; yard; pile; stack)
  • (; dime; hair; pore; fur)
  • (; door; gate; field of endeavor)
  • (; (measure word) meter; rice)
  • (; (a measure word); second)
  • (; name; (measure word for persons); place (e.g. among winners))
  • (; about one sixth of an acre)
  • (; dish; tray; to build; to check; to examine; to transfer; (a measure word used for dishes of food or coils of wire); to coil)
  • (; to ascertain; (measure word for batches, lots); to act on; to criticize; to pass on)
  • (; (measure word for horses, mules, a bolt of cloth); ordinary person)
  • (; sheet; piece of writing; (a measure word); chapter; article)
  • (; a slice; piece; flake; thin; slice)
  • 品脫 (品脱; pint)
  • (; bottle; (a measure word); vase; pitcher)
  • 平方公里 (平方公里; square kilometer)
  • 平方米 (平方米; square meter)
  • (; kilogram)
  • 千克 (千克; kilogram)
  • (; centiliter)
  • (; body; torso; person; life; status; pregnancy; (a measure word used for clothes) suit)
  • (; sound; voice; (a measure word, used for sounds); tone; noise)
  • 十克 (十克; decagram)
  • (; head; chief; (a measure word, use with "poem"))
  • (; bunch; (a measure word); to bind; to control)
  • (; two; double; pair; both)
  • (; M for warships)
  • (; year; years old; (a measure word))
  • (; actually; place)
  • (; (broadcasting) station; (measure word); platform; stage; desk; station)
  • (; a time; a trip; (measure word for round trips))
  • (; to cover; covering; case; cover; (a measure word, a set of something); sheath)
  • (; measure word for long, thin things (i.e. ribbon, river, etc.); a strip; item; article)
  • (; pail; bucket; bin; barrel)
  • (; tube; cylinder)
  • (; bowl; cup)
  • (; position; location; (measure word for persons); place; seat)
  • (; to make a sound; to sound; to ring; (a measure word for sound); loud)
  • (; some; few; several; (a measure word))
  • 一下 (一下; (adj) one time; once; (adv) in a short time; suddenly; all at once)
  • 英鎊 (英镑; pound sterling)
  • 英尺 (英尺; (English) foot (unit of measurement))
  • 英寸 (英寸; (English) inch)
  • 英里 (英里; English mile)
  • 英畝 (英亩; English acre)
  • (; (dynasty); dollar; primary; first)
  • (; (a measure word for lamps))
  • (; (a measure word); (a surname); open up)
  • (; disposition of troops; short period; wave; spate; burst; spell)
  • (; (a measure word); to support; to sustain; to erect; to raise; branch; division; to draw money)
  • (; (a measure word, for birds and some animals, etc.); single; only)
  • (; branch; (a measure word))
  • (; M for one of a pair)
  • (; kind; type; race (of people); seed; type)
  • (; (a measure word, use with plants); trunk of tree)
  • (; to sit; to take a seat; (a measure word for large objects such as mountains, bridges, buildings))

数词 / Numeral[edit]

介词 / Preposition[edit]

  • (; (a measure word); (marker for direct-object); to hold; to contain; to grasp; to take hold of)
  • (; by (marker for passive-voice sentences or clauses); quilt; blanket; to cover; to wear)
  • (; (particle used for comparison and)
  • (; lax; yielding; unhurried)
  • (; from; obey; observe; follow)
  • (; to; for; for the benefit of; to give; to allow; to do something (for somebody); (passive particle))
  • 關于 (关于; with regards to; about)
  • (; to leave; to depart; to go away; from)
  • (; (surname); even; as; join; to link; successively)
  • (; each; every)
  • (; to go (in a direction); past; previous; towards)
  • (; toward; (of a train) bound for)
  • (; because of; for; to)
  • (; direction; part; side; towards; to; guide; opposite to)
  • (; (located) at; in; exist)

问题 / Question[edit]

待颗粒 / Question Particle[edit]

待代词 / Question Pronoun[edit]

待字 / Question Word[edit]

时间词 / Time Word[edit]

颗粒 / Particle[edit]

Particles are part of a word that indicates special gramatical cases.
  • (; an initial particle; prefix to names of people)
  • (; (a modal particle showing affirmation, approval, or consent))
  • 罷了 (罢了; a modal particle indicating (that's all, only, nothing much))
  • (; (modal particle indicating polite suggestion); ...right?; ...OK?)
  • (; obtain; get; gain; proper; suitable; proud; contented; allow; permit; ready; finished)
  • (; (subor. part. adverbial); -ly)
  • (; (possessive particle); of)
  • (; (past tense marker); to cross; to go over; to pass (time); to live; to get along; (surname))
  • (; (an auxiliary word performing the grammatical functions of mood); fusion of le + a)
  • (; (modal particle intensifying preceding clause); (past tense marker))
  • (; (final part. preceded by N))
  • (; (final part.))
  • (; -ing (indicates an action in progress))

副词 / Adverb[edit]

  • 比較 (比较; compare; contrast; fairly; comparatively; relatively; quite; rather)
  • (; leave; depart; separate; distinguish; classify; other; another; do not; must not; to pin)
  • 別的 (别的; else; other)
  • (; (negative prefix); not; no)
  • (; ability; talent; endowment; gift; an expert; only (then); only if; just)
  • 差不多 (差不多; almost, nearly)
  • 差一點 (差一点; nearly, barely (implies thankfulness or regret))
  • (; always; ever; often; frequently; common; general; constant)
  • 常常 (常常; frequently; usually; often)
  • 從來 (从来; always; at all times; never (if used in negative sentence))
  • 大聲 (大声; loudly; loud)
  • 當然 (当然; only natural; as it should be; certainly; of course; without doubt)
  • 到處 (到处; in all places; everywhere)
  • (; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely (due to)each; even; already)
  • (; many; much; a lot of; numerous; multi-)
  • 多半 (多半; chiefly; likelihood)
  • 反而 (反而; instead; contrary (to expectations))
  • 反復 (反复; repeatedly; over and over)
  • 非常 (非常; unusual; extraordinary; extreme; very; exceptional)
  • 趕緊 (赶紧; hurriedly)
  • 趕快 (赶快; at once; immediately)
  • (; hard; firm; strong; just; barely; exactly)
  • (; more; even more; further; still; still more)
  • (; also; in addition; more; still; else; still; yet; (not) yet)
  • 還有 (还有; also, in addition)
  • (; good; well)
  • (; very; extremely)
  • 基本 (基本; basic; fundamental; main)
  • 基本上 (基本上; basically; on the whole)
  • 幾乎 (几乎; almost; nearly; practically)
  • (; extremely; pole (geog.; physics); utmost; top)
  • / (/; extremely, utmost, top))
  • 極了 (极了; extremely; exceedingly)
  • 經常 (经常; everyday; day-to-day; frequently; regularly)
  • (; (long) time; (long) duration of time)
  • (; at once; then; right away; only; (emphasis); to approach; to move towards; to undertake)
  • 肯定 (肯定; to be sure; to be certain; sure; certain; definite; to confirm; to affirm; affirmative)
  • 恐怕 (恐怕; (I'm) afraid (that); perhaps; I think)
  • (; fast; quick; swift)
  • 老是 (老是; always)
  • 馬上 (马上; at once; right away; immediately)
  • (; (negative prefix for verbs); have not; not)
  • 那麼 (那么; so (much); like that; in that way)
  • 難道 (难道; don't tell me ...; could it be that...?)
  • 難怪 (难怪; (it's) no wonder (that...); (it's) not surprising (that))
  • 難免 (难免; (adj) difficult to avoid or escape from)
  • 偶爾 (偶尔; occasionally; once in a while)
  • 平常 (平常; ordinary; common; usually; ordinarily)
  • 其實 (其实; actually; that is not the case; in fact; really)
  • 確實 (确实; indeed; really; reliable; real; true)
  • 然後 (然后; after; then (afterwards); after that; afterwards)
  • 稍微 (稍微; a little bit)
  • 十分 (十分; fully; completely; very)
  • 順便 (顺便; conveniently; in passing)
  • 隨身 (随身; (carry) on one's person)
  • 特別 (特别; especially; special; particular; unusual)
  • (; be straight and stiff; rather (good))
  • 完全 (完全; complete; whole; totally; entirely)
  • (; early; prior; former; in advance; first)
  • (; also; too)
  • 也許 (也许; perhaps; maybe)
  • 一定 (一定; surely; certainly; necessarily; fixed; a certain (extent, etc.); given; particular)
  • 一共 (一共; altogether)
  • 已經 (已经; already)
  • 一般 (一般; same; ordinary; common; general)
  • 一起 (一起; together)
  • 一直 (一直; continuously; always; from the beginning of ... up to ...; all along)
  • (; (once) again; also; both... and...; again)
  • (; again; once more; re-; second; another)
  • 早就 (早就; long ago; long since)
  • (; real; true; genuine)
  • 真的 (真的; really, truly)
  • 正好 (正好; just (in time); just right; just enough; to happen to; to chance to; by chance; it just so happens that)
  • 正在 (正在; in the process of (doing something or happening); while (doing))
  • (; (a measure word, for birds and some animals, etc.); single; only)
  • (; only; merely; just; but)
  • (; (the) most; -est)
  • 最好 (最好; best; (you) had better (do what we suggest))
  • 最後 (最后; final; last; finally; ultimate))

一般国语文法条款 / General Mandarin Grammar Terms[edit]

又见 / See also[edit]