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Portal:eng/proper noun/List of minerals

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Sorted by name:

A[edit]

  1. Actinolite
  2. Adamite
  3. Aegirine
  4. Albite
  5. Alforsite
  6. Altaite
  7. Alunite
  8. Amblygonite
  9. Amphibole (mineral group)
  10. Analcite
  11. Anatase
  12. Andalusite
  13. Anglesite
  14. Anhydrite
  15. Ankerite
  16. Anorthite
  17. Anorthoclase
  18. Anthophyllite
  19. Antigorite
  20. Antitaenite
  21. Apatite (mineral group)
  22. Aragonite
  23. Arfvedsonite
  24. Argentite
  25. Armalcolite
  26. Arsenopyrite
  27. Astrophyllite
  28. Augite
  29. Aurichalcite
  30. Auricupride
  31. Autunite
  32. Axinite (mineral group)
  33. Azurite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Agate (variety of quartz)
  2. Alabaster (variety of gypsum)
  3. Alexandrite (variety of chrysoberyl)
  4. Allingite (synonym of amber)
  5. Alum
  6. Amazonite (variety of microcline)
  7. Amber (fossilized resin)
  8. Amethyst (purple variety of quartz)
  9. Ammolite (organic; also a gemstone)
  10. Amosite (asbestiform grunerite)
  11. Anyolite (metamorphic rock - zoisite, ruby, and hornblende)
  12. Aquamarine (light blue variety of beryl)
  13. Asbestos (fibrous serpentine- or amphibole minerals)
  14. Avalite (A chromian variety of Illite.)
  15. Aventurine (variety of quartz)

B[edit]

  1. Baddeleyite
  2. Barite (Baryte, British spelling)
  3. Bastnaesite (mineral group)
  4. Benitoite
  5. Bertrandite
  6. Beryl
  7. Biotite
  8. Bismuthinite
  9. Bixbyite
  10. Blödite
  11. Blossite
  12. Boehmite
  13. Boracite
  14. Borax
  15. Bornite
  16. Brazilianite
  17. Briartite
  18. Brookite
  19. Brucite
  20. Bytownite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Bauxite (it's an ore)
  2. Beckerite (natural resin)
  3. Bixbite (red gem variety of beryl)
  4. Burmite (amber from Burma)

C[edit]

  1. Calaverite
  2. Calcite
  3. Caledonite
  4. Canfieldite
  5. Carnallite
  6. Carnotite
  7. Cassiterite
  8. Cavansite
  9. Celadonite
  10. Celestite
  11. Cerussite
  12. Chabazite (a group of closely-related minerals in the zeolite group)
  13. Chalcanthite
  14. Chalcocite
  15. Chalcopyrite
  16. Chlorite|Chlorite group|Chlorite (mineral group)
  17. Chromite
  18. Chrysoberyl
  19. Chrysocolla
  20. Cinnabar
  21. Clinochrysotile
  22. Clinoclase
  23. Clintonite
  24. Cobaltite
  25. Coesite
  26. Coffinite
  27. Colemanite
  28. Columbite (mineral group)
  29. Cooperite
  30. Copper|Native copper|Copper
  31. Cordierite
  32. Corundum
  33. Covellite
  34. Creedite
  35. Cristobalite
  36. Crookesite
  37. Cryolite
  38. Cummingtonite
  39. Cuprite
  40. Cyanotrichite
  41. Cylindrite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Carnelian (variety of quartz)
  2. Chalcedony (cryptocrystalline variety of quartz)
  3. Chrysolite (gemmy yellow-green forsterite)
  4. Chrysoprase (green nickel bearing chalcedony)
  5. Chrysotile (group name - asbestiform serpentine)
  6. Citrine (yellow variety of quartz)
  7. Cleveite
  8. Coltan (short for minerals of the columbite group)
  9. Crocidolite (asbestiform riebeckite)
  10. Cymophane (variety of chrysoberyl)

D[edit]

  1. Datolite
  2. Dawsonite
  3. Diamond
  4. Diaspore
  5. Dickite
  6. Diopside
  7. Dioptase
  8. Dolomite
  9. Dumortierite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Delessite (magnesian chamosite)
  2. Diatomite (diatomaceous earth)

E[edit]

  1. Enargite
  2. Enstatite
  3. Epidote
  4. Epsomite
  5. Erythrite
  6. Euchroite
  7. Euclase
  8. Euxenite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Emerald (green gem variety of beryl)

F[edit]

  1. Fayalite (olivine group)
  2. Feldspar (mineral group)
  3. Feldspathoid (mineral group)
  4. Ferberite
  5. Feroxyhyte
  6. Ferrierite (subgroup of zeolite minerals)
  7. Ferro-anthophyllite
  8. Ferrocolumbite
  9. Ferrohortonolite (olivine group)
  10. Ferrotantalite
  11. Fergusonite (mineral group)
  12. Fluorapatite (apatite group)
  13. Fluorichterite (amphibole group)
  14. Fluorite
  15. Fluorspar (synonym of fluorite)
  16. Forsterite (olivine group)
  17. Franckeite
  18. Franklinite (spinel group)
  19. Freieslebenite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Ferricrete Iron oxide cemented soil or sediment

G[edit]

  1. Gadolinite (mineral group)
  2. Gahnite
  3. Galena
  4. Garnet (mineral group)
  5. Garnierite
  6. Germanite
  7. Geigerite
  8. Gibbsite
  9. Glauberite
  10. Glauconite
  11. Glaucophane
  12. Goethite
  13. Gold
  14. Graphite
  15. Greenockite
  16. Grunerite
  17. Gunningite
  18. Gypsum
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Gedanite (fossilized resin)
  2. Golden beryl (golden-yellow variety of beryl)
  3. Green beryl (light green variety of beryl)
  4. Glessite (natural resin)

H[edit]

  1. Haggertyite
  2. Halite
  3. Hapkeite
  4. Hematite
  5. Hemimorphite
  6. Hibonite
  7. Hornblende
  8. Hübnerite
  9. Hutchinsonite
  10. Hydroxylapatite
  11. Hydrozincite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Heliodor (greenish-yellow variety of beryl)
  2. Hiddenite (variety of spodumene)
  3. Hyalite (variety of opal)

I[edit]

  1. Idocrase (synonym of vesuvianite)
  2. Idrialite
  3. Illite
  4. Ilmenite
  5. Iron

J[edit]

  1. Jadeite
  2. Jarosite
  3. Juonniite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Jade (tough, green mineral either jadeite or nephrite amphibole)
  2. Jasper (variety of quartz)
  3. Jet|Jet (lignite)|Jet (fossilised wood)

K[edit]

  1. Kainite
  2. Kalsilite
  3. Kamacite
  4. Kaolinite
  5. Kernite
  6. Kieserite
  7. Kobellite
  8. Kogarkoite
  9. Kolbeckite
  10. Krennerite
  11. Kyanite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Keilhauite (variety of titanite)
  2. Krantzite (natural resin)
  3. Kunzite (variety of spodumene)

L[edit]

  1. Labradorite
  2. Lansfordite
  3. Lazurite
  4. Lepidolite
  5. Leucite
  6. Lizardite
  7. Lonsdaleite
  8. Lorandite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Lapis lazuli (a rock consisting primarily of lazurite, calcite and pyrite)
  2. Larimar (blue variety of pectolite)
  3. Lechatelierite (fused quartz glass)
  4. Lignite (a type of coal)
  5. Limonite -(a mineraloid )
  6. Lodestone (a synonym of magnetite)

M[edit]

  1. Maghemite
  2. Magnesite
  3. Magnetite
  4. Malachite
  5. Malacolite
  6. Manganite
  7. Manganocolumbite
  8. Manganotantalite
  9. Marcasite
  10. Margaritasite
  11. Mendozite
  12. Metacinnabarite
  13. Mica (a group of silicate minerals)
  14. Microcline
  15. Millerite
  16. Mimetite
  17. Mirabilite
  18. Moissanite
  19. Molybdenite
  20. Monazite
  21. Montmorillonite (clay mineral)
  22. Moolooite
  23. Murdochite
  24. Muscovite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Magnesia|Magnesia (mineral)|Magnesia
  2. Mariposite (variety of phengite/muscovite)
  3. Menilite (variety of opal)
  4. Meerschaum (variety of sepiolite)
  5. Milky quartz (a cloudy white quartz)
  6. Morganite (a pink beryl)
  7. Morion (synonym of smoky quartz)

N[edit]

  1. Native copper
  2. Natrolite
  3. Natron
  4. Nepheline
  5. Nephrite
  6. Niccolite
  7. Niobite (synonym of columbite)
  8. Niobite-tantalite|Niobite|Niobite-tantalite (synonym of columbite-tantalite)

O[edit]

  1. Olivine (a group of silicate minerals)
  2. Opal
  3. Orpiment
  4. Orthochrysotile
  5. Orthoclase
  6. Overite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Onyx (a monochromatic banded variety of chalcedony)

((Ore)) iron; rust

P[edit]

  1. Parachrysotile
  2. Paragonite
  3. Pectolite
  4. Pentlandite
  5. Periclase
  6. Perovskite
  7. Petalite
  8. Petzite
  9. Pezzottaite
  10. Pharmacosiderite
  11. Phenakite
  12. Phillipsite
  13. Phlogopite
  14. Plagioclase Na-Ca feldspar.
  15. Pollucite
  16. Potassium alum
  17. Polycrase
  18. Prehnite
  19. Proustite
  20. Pyrite
  21. Pyrochlore
  22. Pyrolusite
  23. Pyromorphite
  24. Pyrophyllite
  25. Pyroxene (group of silicate minerals)
  26. Pyrrhotite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Palagonite ( basaltic volcanic glass)
  2. Perlite (volcanic glass)
  3. Phosphorite (name given to impure, massive apatite.)
  4. Plessite (mixture of kamacite and taenite)
  5. Pitchblende|Uraninite|Pitchblende (a massive impure form of uraninite)
  6. Pumicite (synonym of pumice)

Q[edit]

  1. Quartz

R[edit]

  1. Realgar
  2. Rheniite
  3. Rhodochrosite
  4. Rhodonite
  5. Riebeckite
  6. Rutile
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Rock crystal (quartz)
  2. Rose quartz
  3. Roumanite (amber)
  4. Ruby (red gem corundum)

S[edit]

  1. Safflorite
  2. Sal ammoniac
  3. Samarskite
  4. Sanbornite
  5. Sanidine|Orthoclase|Sanidine (orthoclase variety)
  6. Saponite (clay mineral)
  7. Sapphirine
  8. Sauconite
  9. Scapolite (a group of silicate minerals)
  10. Scheelite
  11. Schorl (black tourmaline)
  12. Schreibersite
  13. Scolecite
  14. Seeligerite
  15. Segelerite
  16. Sekaninaite
  17. Selenide
  18. Selenite
  19. Selenium
  20. Seligmannite
  21. Sepiolite
  22. Serpentine
  23. Shattuckite
  24. Siderite
  25. Sillimanite
  26. Silver
  27. Simetite
  28. Skutterudite
  29. Smaltite
  30. Smectite
  31. Smithsonite
  32. Soda niter
  33. Sodalite
  34. Sperrylite
  35. Spessartite
  36. Sphalerite
  37. Sphene
  38. Spinel
  39. Spodumene
  40. Stannite
  41. Staurolite
  42. Steacyite
  43. Steatite (talc)
  44. Stephanite
  45. Stibnite
  46. Stichtite
  47. Stilbite
  48. Stilleite
  49. Stolzite
  50. Stromeyerite
  51. Strontianite
  52. Sugilite
  53. Sulfur
  54. Sussexite
  55. Sylvanite
  56. Sylvite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Sapphire (gem corundum of any color except red, especially blue varieties)
  2. Sard (a variety of chalcedony/quartz)
  3. Satinspar|Gypsum|Satinspar (a variety of Gypsum)
  4. Smoky quartz (a brown or black variety of quartz)
  5. Soapstone (a rock)
  6. Stantienite|Amber|Stantienite (variety of amber)

T[edit]

  1. Taenite
  2. Talc
  3. Tantalite
  4. Tarapacaite
  5. Teallite
  6. Tennantite
  7. Tenorite
  8. Tephroite
  9. Terlinguaite
  10. Tetrahedrite
  11. Thenardite
  12. Thomasclarkite
  13. Thorianite
  14. Thorite
  15. Thortveitite
  16. Tiemannite
  17. Tin
  18. Tincalconite
  19. Titanite
  20. Topaz
  21. Torbernite
  22. Tourmaline (group of silicate minerals)
  23. Tremolite
  24. Tridymite
  25. Triphylite
  26. Trona
  27. Tschermigite
  28. Tugtupite
  29. Turquoise
  30. Tyuyamunite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Tanzanite (variety of Zoisite)
  2. Thulite (variety of Zoisite)
  3. Travertine (form of calcium carbonate)
  4. Tsavorite (gem variety of grossularite garnet)

U[edit]

  1. Ulexite
  2. Ullmannite
  3. Ulvospinel
  4. Umangite
  5. Unakite
  6. Uraninite
  7. Uranophane
  8. Uvarovite
Varieties that are not valid species:
  1. Ultramarine
  2. Uralite alteration actinolite

V[edit]

  1. Valentinite
  2. Vanadinite
  3. Variscite
  4. Vaterite
  5. Vermiculite
  6. Vesuvianite
  7. Villiaumite
  8. Vivianite

W[edit]

  1. Wardite
  2. Wavellite
  3. Weloganite
  4. Whitlockite
  5. Willemite
  6. Witherite
  7. Wolframite
  8. Wollastonite
  9. Wulfenite

X[edit]

  1. Xenotime

Y[edit]

  1. Yttrialite

Z[edit]

  1. Zabuyelite
  2. Zaccagnaite
  3. Zaherite
  4. Zajacite-(Ce)
  5. Zakharovite
  6. Zanazziite
  7. Zaratite
  8. Zeolite (group of silicate minerals)
  9. Zhanghengite
  10. Zharchikhite
  11. Zhemchuzhnikovite
  12. Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)
  13. Ziesite
  14. Zimbabweite
  15. Zinalsite
  16. Zinc-melanterite
  17. Zincite
  18. Zincobotryogen
  19. Zincochromite
  20. Zinkenite
  21. Zinnwaldite
  22. Zippeite
  23. Zircon
  24. Zirconolite
  25. Zircophyllite
  26. Zirkelite
  27. Zoisite
  28. Zunyite