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Swadesh list for Spanish

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Swadesh list for languages listed as Castilian by Ethnologue[edit]

English <eng> Spanish <spa> Extremaduran <ext> Ladino <lad> Loreto-Ucayali Spanish <spq>
1 I yo
2 thou
(singular)
tu
3 he él
4 we nosotros
5 you
(plural)
vosotros
6 they ellos, ellas
7 this esto
8 that ese
9 here aquí
10 there allí
11 who quién
12 what qué
13 where dónde
14 when cuando
15 how cómo
16 not no
17 all todos
18 many muchos
19 some unos
20 few poco
21 other otro
22 one uno
23 two dos
24 three tres
25 four cuatro
26 five cinco
27 big grande
28 long largo
29 wide ancho
30 thick grueso
31 heavy pesado
32 small pequeño
33 short corto
34 narrow estrecho
35 thin delgado
36 woman mujer
37 man
(adult male)
hombre
38 man
(human being)
hombre
39 child
(a youth)
niño
40 wife esposa, marida
41 husband marido, esposo
42 mother madre
43 father padre
44 animal animal
45 fish pez
46 bird pájaro
47 dog <a domestic animal> perro
48 louse piojo
49 snake serpiente
50 worm gusano
51 tree árbol
52 forest bosque
53 stick
(of wood)
palo
54 fruit fruta
55 seed semilla
56 leaf hoja
57 root raíz
58 bark
(of tree)
corteza
59 flower flor
60 grass hierba
61 rope cuerda
62 skin
(of a person)
piel
63 meat
(as in flesh)
carne
64 blood sangre
65 bone hueso
66 fat
(noun)
grasa
67 egg huevo
68 horn cuerno
69 tail cola
70 feather
(rather not down)
pluma
71 hair pelo
72 head cabeza
73 ear oreja
74 eye ojo
75 nose nariz
76 mouth boca
77 tooth
(rather not molar)
dente
78 tongue lengua
79 fingernail uña
80 foot pie
81 leg pierna
82 knee rodilla
83 hand mano
84 wing ala
85 belly barriga
86 guts tripa
87 neck cuello
88 back espalda
89 breast pecho
90 heart corazón
91 liver hígado
92 to drink beber
93 to eat comer
94 to bite morder
95 to suck chupar
96 to spit escupir
97 to vomit vomitar
98 to blow
(as wind)
soplar
99 to breathe respirar
100 to laugh reír
101 to see ver
102 to hear oír
103 to know
(a fact)
saber
104 to think pensar
105 to smell
(sense odor)
olor
106 to fear tener miedo, temer
107 to sleep dormir
108 to live vivir
109 to die morir
110 to kill matar
111 to fight luchar
112 to hunt
(transitive)
cazar
113 to hit golpear
114 to cut cortar
115 to split partir
116 to stab
(or stick)
apuñalar
117 to scratch
(an itch)
rascar
118 to dig cabar
119 to swim nadar
120 to fly volar
121 to walk ir andando
122 to come venir
123 to lie
(as on one's side)
echarse
124 to sit sentarse
125 to stand estar de pie
126 to turn
(change direction)
girar
127 to fall
(as in drop)
caer
128 to give dar
129 to hold
(in one's hand)
sostener
130 to squeeze exprimir
131 to rub frotar
132 to wash lavar
133 to wipe limpiar
134 to pull tirar
135 to push empujar
136 to throw arrojar
137 to tie atar
138 to sew coser
139 to count contar
140 to say decir
141 to sing cantar
142 to play jugar
143 to float flotar
144 to flow fluir
145 to freeze congelar
146 to swell hincharse
147 sun sol
148 moon luna
149 star estrella
150 water agua
151 to rain lluvia
152 river río
153 lake lago
154 sea
(as in ocean)
mar
155 salt sal
156 stone piedra
157 sand arena
158 dust polvo
159 earth
(as in soil)
terra
160 cloud nube
161 fog niebla
162 sky cielo
163 wind
(as in breeze)
viento
164 snow nieve
165 ice hielo
166 smoke humo
167 fire fuego
168 ashes cenizas
169 to burn
(intransitive)
quemar
170 road calle
171 mountain montaña
172 red rojo
173 green verde
174 yellow amarillo
175 white blanco
176 black negro
177 night noche
178 day
(daytime)
día
179 year año
180 warm
(as in weather)
caliente
181 cold
(as in weather)
frío
182 full lleno
183 new nuevo
184 old viejo
185 good bueno
186 bad malo
187 rotten
(as, a log)
carcomido
188 dirty contaminado
189 straight derecho
190 round redondo
191 sharp
(as a knife)
afilado
192 dull
(as a knife)
embotado
193 smooth liso
194 wet mojado
195 dry
(adjective)
seco
196 right
(correct)
correcto
197 near cerca
198 far lejo
199 right
(side)
derecho
200 left
(side)
izquierda
201 at a
202 in en
203 with
(accompanying)
con
204 and y
205 if si
206 because porque
207 name nombre