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EXPLANG=85
DEFLANG=85
SUMARY= -- place of articulation --
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labial_consonant

labial ,,, "A sound of speech articulated with one or both lips as the active articulator."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronal_consonant

coronal ,,, "A sound of speech articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorsal_consonant

dorsal ,,, "A sound of speech articulated with the middle body of the tongue."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laryngeal_consonant

laryngeal , , , "A sound of speech produced with the primary articulation in the larynx."

SUMARY= -- place of articulation --
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilabial_consonant

bilabial , , , "A sound of speech articulated with both lips."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labiodental_consonant

labiodental , , , "A sound of speech articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguolabial_consonant

linguolabial , , , "A sound of speech articulated by placing the tongue tip or blade against the upper lip, which is drawn downward to meet the tongue."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_consonant

dental , , , "A sound of speech articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_consonant

alveolar , , , "A sound of speech articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which contains the of sockets the superior teeth."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palato-alveolar_consonant

palato-alveolar , , , "A sound of speech articulated with a domed, or bunched-up, tongue."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroflex_consonant

retroflex , , , "A sound of speech articulated with a flat, concave, or even curled shape of the tongue between the alveolar ridge and the hard palate."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolo-palatal_consonant

alveolo-palatal , , , "A sound of speech articulated with the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge and the body of the tongue raised toward the palate, or with the body of the tongue approaching the alveolar ridge."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palatal_consonant

palatal , , , "A sound of speech articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate, that is the middle part of the roof of the mouth."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velar_consonant

velar , , , "A sound of speech articulated with the back part of the tongue against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uvular_consonant

uvular , , , "A sound of speech articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharyngeal_consonant

pharyngeal , , , "A sound of speech articulated primarily in the pharynx."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glottal_consonant

glottal , , , "A sound of speech articulated using the glottis as their primary articulation."


SUMARY= -- nasal --
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasal_consonant

nasal ,,,"A sound of speech produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose."


SUMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_bilabial_nasal

voiceless bilabial nasal,,, A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow by closing both lips and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol m̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilabial_nasal

voiced bilabial nasal ,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow by closing both lips and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol m of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labiodental_nasal

voiced labiodental nasal,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow by a closure of the lower lip and the upper teeth and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol ɱ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

voiceless linguolabial nasal,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the airflow by a closure of the with the tongue against the upper lip and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol n̼̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguolabial_nasal

voiceless linguolabial nasal,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the airflow by a closure of the with the tongue against the upper lip and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by either of the symbols n̼̊ and m̺̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguolabial_nasal

voiced linguolabial nasal,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the airflow by a closure of the with the tongue against the upper lip and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by either of the symbols n̼ and m̺ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_nasal

voiceless alveolar nasal,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth or at or behind the alveolar ridge and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by either of the symbols n̥ and n̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_nasal

voiced alveolar nasal,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth or at or behind the alveolar ridge and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol n of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_nasal

voiceless retroflex nasal,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by either of the symbols ɳ̊ and ɳ̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroflex_nasal

voiced retroflex nasal,,,A sound of speech produced by with vibrations of the vocal cords obstructing the outwards airflow with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol ɳ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_nasal

voiceless palatal nasal,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by either of the symbols ɲ̊ and ɲ̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palatal_nasal

voiced palatal nasal,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol ɲ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_velar_nasal

voiceless velar nasal,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the soft palate and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by either of the symbols ŋ̊ and ŋ̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velar_nasal

voiced velar nasal,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the soft palate and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol ŋ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

voiceless uvular nasal,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the uvula and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol ɴ̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uvular_nasal

voiced uvular nasal,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by obstructing the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the uvula and redirecting the outgoing airflow through the nose; it is represented by the symbol ɴ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= -- stop --
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stop_consonant

stop,,,"A sound of speech produced by blocking the outwards air flow entirely."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_bilabial_stop

voiceless bilabial stop ,,, A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with both lips; it is represented by the symbol p of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_bilabial_stop

voiced bilabial stop ,,, A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with both lips; it is represented by the symbol b of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_labiodental_stop

voiceless labiodental stop ,,, A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the lower lip and the upper teeth; it is represented by either of the symbols p̪ and p͆ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_labiodental_stop

voiced labiodental stop ,,, A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the lower lip and the upper teeth; it is represented by either of the symbols b̪ and b͆ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_linguolabial_stop

voiceless linguolabial stop ,,, A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the tongue against the upper lip; it is represented by either of the symbols t̼ and p̺ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_linguolabial_stop

voiced linguolabial stop ,,, A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the tongue against the upper lip; it is represented by either of the symbols d̼ and b̺ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_stop

voiceless alveolar stop ,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth or the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol t of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolar_stop

voiced alveolar stop ,,, A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth or the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol d of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_stop

voiceless retroflex stop,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ʈ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_retroflex_stop

voiced retroflex stop ,,, A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɖ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_stop

voiceless palatal stop ,,, A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate; it is represented by the symbol c of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_palatal_stop

voiced palatal stop,,, A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate; it is represented by the symbol ɟ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_velar_stop

voiceless velar stop,,, A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the soft palate; it is represented by the symbol k of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_velar_stop

voiced velar stop ,,,A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the soft palate; it is represented by the symbol ɡ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_uvular_stop

voiceless uvular stop,,,A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the uvula; it is represented by the symbol q of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_uvular_stop

voiced uvular stop ,,, A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the back of the tongue at the uvula; it is represented by the symbol ɢ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epiglottal_stop

pharyngeal stop ,,,A sound of speech produced (usually) without vibrations of the vocal cords by blocking the outwards airflow with the aryepiglottic folds against the epiglottis; it is represented by the symbol ʡ of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glottal_stop


SUMMARY= --sibilant africate --
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_sibilant_affricate

voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols t͡s and t͜s of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolar_sibilant_affricate

voiced alveolar sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols d͡z and d͜z of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palato-alveolar_affricate

voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and the front of the tongue bunched up at the palate, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols t͡ʃ and t͜ʃ and tʃ and t̠ʲʃ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_palato-alveolar_affricate

voiced palato-alveolar sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and the front of the tongue bunched up at the palate, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols d͡ʒ and d͜ʒ and dʒ and d̠ʲʒ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_affricate

voiceless retroflex sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ʈ͡ʂ and t͡ʂ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_retroflex_affricate

voiced retroflex sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ɖ͡ʐ and d͡ʐ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolo-palatal_affricate

voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the tongue blade contacting the roof of the mouth behind the alveolar ridge while the middle of the tongue is bowed and raised towards the hard palate, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols t͡ɕ and t͜ɕ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolo-palatal_affricate

voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the tongue blade contacting the roof of the mouth behind the alveolar ridge while the middle of the tongue is bowed and raised towards the hard palate, then directing it with the center of the tongue to the sharp edge of the teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols d͡ʑ and d͜ʑ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --non-sibilant affricate --
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affricate_consonant

affricate ,,,"A sound of speech produced by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely, and then releasing it through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together causing a turbulent airstream."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_bilabial_affricate

voiceless bilabial affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with both lips, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols p͡ɸ and p͜ɸ and pɸ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_bilabial_affricate

voiced bilabial affricate,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with both lips, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols b͡β and b͜β and bβ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_labiodental_affricate

voiceless labiodental affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the lower lip and the upper teeth, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols p̪͡f and p̪͜f and p̪f of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_labiodental_affricate

voiced labiodental affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the lower lip and the upper teeth, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols b̪͡v and b̪͜v and b̪v of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_dental_non-sibilant_affricate

voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols t͡θ and t͜θ and t̪͡θ and t̟͡θ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_dental_non-sibilant_affricate

voiced dental non-sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols t͡θ and t͜θ and t̪͡θ and t̟͡θ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_non-sibilant_affricate

voiceless alveolar non-sibilant affricate ,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols t͡θ̠ and t͡θ͇ and t͡ɹ̝̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolar_non-sibilant_affricate

voiced alveolar non-sibilant affricate ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols d͡ð̠ and d͡ð̳ and d͡ɹ̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_postalveolar_non-sibilant_affricate

voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with either the tip or the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols t̠͡ɹ̠̊˔ and t̠͜ɹ̠̊˔ and t̠ɹ̠̊˔ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_postalveolar_non-sibilant_affricate

voiced postalveolar non-sibilant affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with either the tip or the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols d̠͡ɹ̠˔ and d̠͜ɹ̠˔ and d̠ɹ̠˔ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_affricate

voiceless palatal affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols c͡ç and c͜ç of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_palatal_affricate

voiced palatal affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɟ͡ʝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_velar_affricate

voiceless velar affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the back of the tongue at the soft palate, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols k͡x and k͜x and kx of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_velar_affricate

voiced velar affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the back of the tongue at the soft palate, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ɡ͡ɣ and ɡ͜ɣ and ɡɣ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_uvular_affricate

voiceless uvular affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the back of the tongue at the uvula, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols q͡χ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

voiced uvular affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the back of the tongue at the uvula, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ɢʁ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_pharyngeal_affricate

voiceless pharyngeal affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the aryepiglottic folds against the epiglottis, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʡħ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_pharyngeal_affricate

voiced pharyngeal affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the aryepiglottic folds against the epiglottis, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʡʕ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_glottal_affricate

voiceless glottal affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely which means it is articulated at and by the vocal cords, and then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at that place, causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ʔ͡h and ʔ͜h and ʔh of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --sibilant fricative--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fricative_consonant

fricative ,,,"A sound of speech produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together causing a turbulent airstream."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sibilant

sibilant ,,,"A sound of speech produced by directing a stream of air with the tongue towards the sharp edge of the teeth, which are held close together, causing turbulence."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_fricative#Voiceless_alveolar_sibilant

voiceless alveolar sibilant ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth or the alveolar ridge causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol s of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolar_fricative#Voiced_alveolar_sibilant

voiced alveolar sibilant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth or the alveolar ridge causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol z of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palato-alveolar_sibilant

voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant fricative ,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and the front of the tongue bunched up at the palate causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʃ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_palato-alveolar_sibilant

voiced palato-alveolar sibilant fricative ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and the front of the tongue bunched up at the palate causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʒ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_sibilant

voiceless retroflex sibilant fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʂ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_retroflex_sibilant

voiced retroflex sibilant fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʐ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolo-palatal_sibilant

voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative ,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the tongue blade contacting the roof of the mouth behind the alveolar ridge while the middle of the tongue is bowed and raised towards the hard palate causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɕ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolo-palatal_sibilant

voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow with the tongue blade contacting the roof of the mouth behind the alveolar ridge while the middle of the tongue is bowed and raised towards the hard palate causing high-frequency turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʑ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --non-sibilant fricative--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_bilabial_fricative

voiceless bilabial fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed by both lips causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɸ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_bilabial_fricative

voiced bilabial fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed by both lips causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols β and β̝̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_labiodental_fricative

voiceless labiodental fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed by the lower lip and the upper teeth causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol f of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_labiodental_fricative

voiced labiodental fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed by the lower lip and the upper teeth causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol v of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_linguolabial_fricative

voiceless linguolabial fricative,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the tongue against the upper lip causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols θ̼ and ɸ̺ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_linguolabial_fricative

voiced linguolabial fricative,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ð̼ and β̺ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_dental_fricative

voiceless dental non-sibilant fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the tongue against the upper lip causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol θ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_dental_fricative

voiced dental non-sibilant fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the tongue against the upper lip causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ð and ð̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_non-sibilant_fricative

voiceless alveolar non-sibilant fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols θ̠ and θ͇ and ɹ̝̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolar_non-sibilant_fricative

voiced alveolar non-sibilant fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ð̠ and ð͇ and ɹ̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_postalveolar_non-sibilant_fricative

voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant fricative,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɹ̠̊˔ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_postalveolar_non-sibilant_fricative

voiced postalveolar non-sibilant fricative,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɹ̠˔ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_fricative

voiceless palatal fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ç of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_palatal_fricative

voiced palatal fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_velar_fricative

voiceless velar fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the back of the tongue at the soft palate causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol x of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_velar_fricative

voiced velar fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the back of the tongue at the soft palate causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɣ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_uvular_fricative

voiceless uvular fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the back of the tongue at the uvula causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ꭓ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_uvular_fricative

voiced uvular fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the back of the tongue at the uvula causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ʁ and ʁ̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_pharyngeal_fricative

voiceless pharyngeal fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the tongue root against the back of the throat causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ħ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_pharyngeal_fricative

voiced pharyngeal fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel formed with the tongue root against the back of the throat causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʕ and ʕ̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_glottal_fricative

voiceless glottal fricative, ,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel at and by the vocal cords causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol h of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_glottal_fricative

voiced glottal fricative, ,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a narrow channel at and by the vocal cords causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɦ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creaky-voiced_glottal_approximant

creaky-voiced glottal approximant,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the very weak outwards airflow through a narrow channel at and by the vocal cords without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʔ̞ and ʔ̰ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --approximant--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labio-velar_approximant https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Approximant_consonant#Voiceless_approximants

approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced by narrowing the vocal tract at the place of articulation, but not enough to produce a turbulent airstream."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_bilabial_approximant

voiceless bilabial approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel between both lips without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɸ˕ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_bilabial_fricative

voiced bilabial approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel between both lips causing without turbulence; it is represented by the symbol β̞ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labiodental_approximant

voiceless labiodental approximant,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the lower lip and the upper teeth causing without turbulence; it is represented by the symbol f̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labiodental_approximant

voiced labiodental approximant,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the lower lip and the upper teeth without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ʋ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_dental_approximant#Voiceless_denti-alveolar_sibilant

voiceless denti-alveolar sibilant ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with a flat tongue against the alveolar ridge and upper teeth without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols s̻̪ and s̄ and θˢ̣ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_dental_fricative

voiced dental approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ð and ð̞ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_approximant

voiceless alveolar approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɹ̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_approximant

voiced alveolar approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ɹ and ð̠˕ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

voiceless postalveolar approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ɹ̠̊ and ɹ̠̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_approximant

voiced postalveolar approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with either the tip or the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɹ̠ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_approximant

voiceless retroflex approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɻ̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroflex_approximant

voiced retroflex approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol ɻ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_approximant

voiceless palatal approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols j̊ and i̯̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palatal_approximant

voiced palatal approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate without causing turbulence; it is represented by the symbol j of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_velar_approximant

voiceless velar approximant,,,"A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ɰ̊ and x̞ and ɣ̊˕ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velar_approximant

voiced velar approximant,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ɰ and ɣ̞ and ɣ˕ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_uvular_fricative

voiced uvular approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the back of the tongue at the uvula without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ʁ and ʁ̞ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_pharyngeal_fricative

voiced pharyngeal approximant ,,,"A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords by constricting the outwards airflow through a wide channel formed with the tongue root against the back of the throat without causing turbulence; it is represented by either of the symbols ʕ̞ and ɑ̯ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."



SUMMARY= --flap or tap--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flap_consonant

tap ,,, "A sound of speech produced by a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilabial_flap

bilabial flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, the tongue bunches in the back of the mouth and the lower lip retracts into the oral cavity to a position behind the upper teeth and at the same time, the upper lip descends to wrap over the upper teeth, then the lower lip moves forward quickly, flapping against the upper lip as it exits the oral cavity; it is represented by either of the symbols ⱱ̟ and ⱳ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labiodental_flap

labiodental flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, it begins with the lower lip placed behind the upper teeth, then the lower lip is flipped outward, striking the upper teeth in passing; it is represented by the symbol ⱱ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Linguolabial_flap

voiced linguolabial flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tongue flipped against the upper lip; it is represented by the symbol ɾ̼ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_flap

voiceless alveolar flap,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tongue flipped behind the upper front teeth, at the alveolar ridge or behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by either of the symbols ɾ̥ and ɾ̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_flap

voiceless alveolar tapped fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tip of the tongue briefly flipped at the alveolar ridge; it is represented by either of the symbols ɾ̞̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_flap

voiced alveolar flap,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tongue flipped behind the upper front teeth, at the alveolar ridge or behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by either of the symbols ɾ̥ and ɾ̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_flap

voiced alveolar tapped fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tip of the tongue briefly flipped at the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɾ̞ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_flap

voiceless retroflex flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the upper front teeth, at the alveolar ridge or behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɽ̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroflex_flap

voiced retroflex flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tip of the tongue curled up and flipped behind the upper front teeth, at the alveolar ridge or behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɽ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uvular_flap

uvular flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the back of the tongue flipped at the uvula; it is represented by either of the symbols ɢ̆ and ʀ̆ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epiglottal_flap

epiglottal flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the aryepiglottic folds flipped against the epiglottis; it is represented by the symbol ʡ̮ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --trill--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trill_consonant

trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of an active articulator and a passive articulator, which are held in place while the airstream causes one to vibrate, usually for 2–3 periods, but may be any number from 1 up."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilabial_trill

voiceless bilabial trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing an outgoing air stream between both lips, so that they vibrate; it is represented by either of the symbols ʙ̥ and ʙ̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilabial_trill

voiced bilabial trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing an outgoing air stream between both lips, so that they vibrate; it is represented by the symbol ʙ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blowing_a_raspberry

voiceless linguolabial trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by placing the tongue between the lips and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that they vibrate; it is represented by the symbol r̼̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguolabial_trill

voiced linguolabial trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by placing the tongue between the lips and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that they vibrate; it is represented by the symbol r̼ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_trill

voiceless alveolar trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by placing the tongue behind the upper front teeth, at the alveolar ridge, or behind the alveolar ridge and blowing an outgoing air stream in between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol r̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_trill

voiced alveolar trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by placing the tongue behind the upper front teeth, at the alveolar ridge, or behind the alveolar ridge and blowing an outgoing air stream in between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol r of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_trill

raised alveolar trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by placing the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol r̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_trill

voiceless retroflex trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol ɽ͡r̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroflex_trill

voiced retroflex trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol ɽ͡r of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_uvular_trill

voiceless uvular trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the back of the tongue at the uvula and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol ʀ̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uvular_trill

voiced uvular trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the back of the tongue at the uvula and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol ʀ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_epiglottal_trill

voiceless epiglottal trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, with the with the aryepiglottic folds against the epiglottis and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol ʜ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_epiglottal_trill

voiced epiglottal trill ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, with the with the aryepiglottic folds against the epiglottis and blowing an outgoing air stream between them, so that it vibrates; it is represented by the symbol ʢ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --lateral affricate--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affricate_consonant

lateral affricate , , , "A sound of speech produced usually with vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth, usually with the tongue."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lateral_consonant

lateral ,,, "A sound of speech in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_lateral_affricate

voiceless alveolar lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols t͡ɬ and t͜ɬ and ƛ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolar_lateral_affricate

voiced alveolar lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols d͡ɮ and dɮ and λ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_lateral_affricate

voiceless retroflex lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols ʈ͜ɭ̊˔ and ʈɭ̊˔ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

voiced retroflex lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols ʈ͜ɭ˔ and ʈɭ˔ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_lateral_affricate

voiceless palatal lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols c͡ʎ̥˔ and c͜ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

voiced palatal lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols c͡ʎ˔ and c͜ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_velar_lateral_affricate

voiceless velar lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols k͡ʟ̝̊ and k͜ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_velar_lateral_affricate

voiceless velar lateral affricate ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by first stopping the outwards air flow entirely with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate, then allowing the air flow to proceed outwards along the sides of the tongue, but blocking it from going through the middle of the mouth with the tongue; it is represented by either of the symbols ɡ͡ʟ̝ and g͜ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --lateral fricative--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fricative_consonant

lateral fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced usually with vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle, usually with the tongue."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_lateral_fricative

voiceless alveolar lateral fricative,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɬ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_alveolar_lateral_fricative

voiced alveolar lateral fricative,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɮ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_lateral_fricative

voiceless retroflex lateral fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by either of the symbols ɭ̊˔ and ꞎ of the International Phonetic Alphabet, or the Extended International Phonetic Alphabet, respectively."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_lateral_fricative

voiced retroflex lateral fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɭ˔ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_lateral_fricative

voiceless palatal lateral fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate; it is represented by either of the symbols ʎ̥˔ and  of the International Phonetic Alphabet, or the Extended International Phonetic Alphabet, respectively."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_palatal_lateral_fricative

voiced palatal lateral fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate; it is represented by the symbol ʎ̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_velar_lateral_fricative

voiceless velar lateral fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate; it is represented by either of the symbols ʟ̝̊ and  of the International Phonetic Alphabet, or the Extended International Phonetic Alphabet, respectively."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiced_velar_lateral_fricative

voiced velar lateral fricative ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by constricting the outwards air flow through narrow channels along the sides of the tongue, causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate; it is represented by the symbol ʟ̝ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --lateral approximant--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lateral_consonant

lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced usually with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the tongue."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

linguolabial lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle by placing the tongue between the lips; it is represented by the symbol l̼ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_alveolar_lateral_approximant

voiceless alveolar lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol l̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_lateral_approximant

voiced alveolar lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol l of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_retroflex_lateral_approximant

voiceless retroflex lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɭ̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroflex_lateral_approximant

voiced retroflex lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the tip of the tongue curled up behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by the symbol ɭ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless_palatal_lateral_approximant

voiceless palatal lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced without vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate; it is represented by the symbol ʎ̥ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palatal_lateral_approximant

voiced palatal lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate; it is represented by the symbol ʎ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velar_lateral_approximant

voiceless velar lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate; it is represented by either of the symbols ʟ̥ and ʟ̊ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velar_lateral_approximant

voiced velar lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the back part of the tongue raised to the soft palate; it is represented by the symbol ʟ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uvular_lateral_approximant

uvular lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the back part of the tongue at the uvula; it is represented by the symbol ʟ̠ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= --lateral flap--
SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lateral_flap

lateral flap ,,, "A sound of speech produced by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and flipping one articulator, usually the tongue, against another."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:IPA_consonant_chart

linguolabial lateral approximant ,,, "A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle flipping the tongue quickly against the lips; it is represented by the symbol ɺ̼ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alveolar_lateral_flap

alveolar lateral flap ,,," A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the tip or the blade of the tongue quickly against the alveolar ridge; it is represented by either of the symbols ɺ and lɾ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retroflex_lateral_flap

retroflex lateral flap ,,," A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the tip of the tongue curled up and flipped behind the alveolar ridge; it is represented by either of the symbols ɭ̆ and ɺ˞ of the International Phonetic Alphabet and  which is not official."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palatal_lateral_flap

palatal lateral flap ,,," A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the middle or back part of the tongue flipped against the hard palate; it is represented by the symbol ʎ̮ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."

SUMMARY= https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velar_lateral_flap

velar lateral flap ,,," A sound of speech produced with vibrations of the vocal cords, by directing the outwards air flow through wide channels along the sides of the tongue, hardly or not causing turbulence, and blocking it from going through the middle with the back part of the tongue flipped against the soft palate; it is represented by the symbol ʟ̆ of the International Phonetic Alphabet."


SUMMARY= -- other --
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