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Meta:Word of the day archive/2011

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A drug used for the treatment of anxiety.
The capacity of moving by using only two rear limbs.
A small ticket or sign giving information about something to which it is attached or intended to be attached.
- The act of copying another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own.
- A text or other work resulting from the copying of another person's work.
  • Any animal of the Mammalia class.
  • Relating or pertaining to mammals.
  • 2011-02-21:vomeronasal organ
An auxiliary olfactory sense organ that is mainly used to detect pheromones.
  • A computer input device...
  • Any of numerous small rodents...
  • 2011-02-23:clepsydra
A device for measuring time by letting water regularly flow out of a container...
The language variant used by a specific individual.
The practice of notables to spend a part of their wealth for the good of the community.
A person who is paid to write a text that is officially credited to another person.
A completely or almost completely abandoned town.
Alcoholic beverage consisting of heated red wine with cloves, cinnamon sticks, star anise, orange and lemon peel over which a rum-soaked sugar loaf is set on fire.


A flatfish of the species Pleuronectes platessa characterised by a darkgreen to darkbrown skin with orange spots on the upperside, and a light gray underside.
A pattern created by the flattening of a cereal crop.
Interjection said by someone who acknowledges that he made a mistake or error.
A small scale to weigh letters.
Able to communicate in several languages, generally at least three.
A plant of the genus Galanthus that is characterized by its white bell-shaped flower that appears at the end of winter.
A volcano that erupts volatiles such as water, ammonia, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, or methane instead of molten rock.
An impression of the friction ridges of all or part of the fingertip.
The right to forbid the use of one's own image, such as in a movie or a photography, by others.
A diamond which has not been cut.
- In philosophical or religious belief the immaterial and immortal part of a human being which lives on after death.
- The entirety of thought, feeling and emotion in a human being.
It is better to opt for something that we are sure to obtain, than for something of greater value but which we are not sure to obtain.
A toothed whale measuring up to 20 meters long and having a very large head which is typically one-third of the animal's length.
A situation in which the solution to one problem creates a chain of problems, each making it more difficult to solve the original one.
An earthquake that follows another, usually more powerful, earthquake.
- Storage compartment for luggage in a car.
- The nose of an elephant.
- The part of the body from the neck to the groin excluding the head and limbs.
- ...

Damage to the body resulting from excessive exposure to ionizing radiation which causes symptoms like nausea, fatigue, vomiting, and diarrhea and in severe cases loss of hair, hemorrhage, inflammation and death.

Small object designed to connect electrical wires two by two, each one clamped by a small screw.
The resulting speed when the downward force of gravity equals the upward force of drag.
A short period of time during which people commemorate one or more dead persons in silence.
A hotel where rooms may be rented by the hour.
A device used to measure a dose of ionising radiation.
Of or relating to the mouth and face.
Device that controls the flow of a liquid through a passage or a pipe.
An invisible part of light, with longer wavelengths that are felt as heat radiation.
An animal that mostly eats fruit.
The branch of medicine dealing with the study of allergies.
One of the Baltic countries that has land borders to the south with Latvia and to the east with Russia. It is separated from Finland in the north by the Gulf of Finland and from Sweden in the west by the Baltic Sea.
An optical instrument for observing distant objects.
To feel very well and full of energy.


A genre of comedy that features recurring characters in a common environment such as a home or workplace, accompanied with jokes as part of the dialogue.
A beer mixed with lemonade.
A memorial stone on a grave which often bears an inscription with the name and date of birth and death of the deceased person.
The resultant force exerted on a body by a gas (such as air) in which the body is immersed.
A pain in tooth caused by a change in atmospheric pressure.
Having a feeling of uneasiness due to the difficulty or the impossibility to adopt an appropriate behaviour.
A tax based on the estimated value of the estate of a person.
Badminton equipment consisting of a ball of cork or rubber with a crown of feathers.
- To do something again.
- To say again something that we have already said.
- To say again something that someone else has already said by reproducing the words, inflections, etc.
- To tell someone something that we have heard from someone else.
- A television programme shown after its initial presentation.
Pertaining or relating to the liver.
- A payment made at intervals in order to secure the exclusive use of a property.
- To hold under a lease or rental agreement of goods and services.
  • 2011-04-13:ant
Any of the black, red, brown, or yellow insects of the family Formicidae characterized by a large head and by living in organized colonies.
A section of the police whose mission is to gather facts and evidences in order to identify the culprit of a crime.
The act or process of arranging in alphabetical order.
An electrical device that blows hot or cold air to dry hairs.
To try everything possible and put a lot of efforts to accomplish something.
Having two spouses simultaneously.
An opener for removing caps or corks from bottles.
A female who is younger than one or more of her siblings.
A dish having a browned crust on top, usually made of breadcrumbs, grated cheese, egg and/or butter.
A transfer of funds between banks by electronic means.
To give a forceful and lengthy lecture or criticism to another person.
A policy of deliberately designing a product so that it will become obsolete or nonfunctional after a certain period.
Without hair.
- A person who profits from helping another person or organization to sell goods or services and/or attract customers while pretending to be impartial.
- To help another person or organization to sell goods or services and/or attract customers while pretending to be impartial.
To move to its right storing place for the time it will not be used.
A skirt worn underneath another skirt.
A deep red coloured type of beet.


The Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten, who lived in the 14th century BC.
A person who has been awarded a Nobel Prize.
A chronic inflammatory disease of the airways.
A polymer made from the aromatic monomer styrene.
A small bird in the family Trochilidae.
The imprisonment of a person in order to prevent that person from committing a crime that he or she is deemed likely to commit.
Any thick liquid that is added to or poured over food as a flavouring and has a high sugar content.
The unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container or vessel.
An edible wild plant found in coastal regions.
The study of museums and the evolution of their role in education, society, etc.
To clean oneself by immersion in water.
A person who is stingy and miserly.
To hide details of an image by replacing part of it with large monochromatic squares.
A gripping tool that multiplies the strength of the user's hand and can be locked into clamping position.
- Immortal being which drinks the blood of mortals to survive.
- Bat feeding on the blood (hematophagous) of large mammals such as horses or bovines.
A voluntary additional payment made for services rendered.
To release an offspring from a parent's body.
Clock that can be set to ring at a given time of the day.
A hypothetical form of energy that permeates all of space and tends to increase the rate of expansion of the universe.
A rapidly rotating column of air developed around a very intense low-pressure centre.
A large cloth used for warmth and for sleeping.
A Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms.
To go to one's home after having left it, such as after a working day or holidays.
An electrical device that attempts to simulate the act of tobacco smoking by producing an inhaled mist.


Still water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved.
A bird of prey found in North America, having a brown plumage with a white head and tail.
- A canonical form of a term, particularly in the context of highly inflected languages.
- Proven mathematical theorem that is primarily used as a tool to prove another theorem.
A person who gains unauthorized access to computers and computer networks.
(Of the air) Containing a high quantity of water vapor.
An Archimedean solid with eight triangular and eighteen square faces.
An instrument used to remove ink from a surface such as paper.
An action that requires great skills to be performed successfully.
The difference of the clock times of two different places.
Having three heads.
Having stripes.
High level administrative act usually issued by the head of State or, in some countries, the chief of the government.
- A person who discriminates on grounds of sex.
- Discriminatory against one sex in favour of the other.
- A game in which the players try to answer questions correctly.
- A school examination of less importance, or of greater brevity, than others given in the same course.
A large flightless bird (Struthio camelus) native to Africa.
A group of five letters used to represent a single sound.
- The fold that in humans are found between the thighs and the abdomen.
- Each of the sunken panels in a ceiling, soffit or vault.
To begin to be.
A person who is not of noble rank.
  • 2011-06-21:fan
- A hand-held device to agitate or move air or other gas.
- A device that provides air circulation in a closed environment by rotating an helix, in order to cool down someone or something.
- A person who likes, knows about, and appreciates a particular interest or activity.
- A citrus plant of Japanese origin with seedless and easy-peeling fruit.
- The seedless and easy-peeling fruit of the satsuma plant.
Belonging to a thing by its very nature.
An aquarium for dolphins.
Of or relating to Gaul.
The quality of being imperturbable.
A shop which sells goods that are not new.
Someone who lives on a pension.
A copper iron sulfide mineral having the chemical composition CuFeS2.
Nonfunctional debris of human origin left in a multitude of orbits about the earth as the result of the exploration and use of the environment lying outside the earth's atmosphere.


Relating to epidemiology.

A type of Italian hard cheese.
A usually white surface on which one can write with non-permanent marker pens.
A grouping of stars forming a pattern when seen from Earth's night sky.
The process of reducing the international exchanges of goods, services, workers, money, etc.
The migration from the countryside to the city in the search of better conditions of life.
A dish popular in the US and Canada which consists of cooked macaroni and a cheese sauce prepared with cheddar.
A region of Western Europe during the Iron Age and Roman era, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg and Belgium, most of Switzerland, the western part of Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
- A competition where individuals or teams from several countries compete for the title of world champion.
- A trophy, often a golden cup, awarded to the winner of world championship.
A mass of glacier ice that is greater than 50,000 km².
Any form of fusion power where no more than 1% of the total energy released is carried by neutrons.
The act of making available organs or tissues from a recently deceased person or a living donor in order to transplant them into another person.
The complete and irreversible end of all brain activity.
Phenomena which result when groups of individuals of different cultures come into continuous contact, with subsequent changes in the original cultural patterns of either or both groups.
A vehicle that consists of a tractor fitted with a shovel on the front and a small backhoe on the back.
A modern Eastern Aramaic language spoken in a worldwide diaspora.
- To stop sleeping.
- To make someone stop sleeping.
A retail organization which carries a wide range of merchandise that is organized into separate departments for the purpose of promotion, service and control.
A macaque of the species Macaca mulatta native from South-East Asia, measuring about 50 centimeters, brown or grey in color and having a hairless pink face.
Relating to a sacred writing.
- A violent fire extanding to a large area.
- A large-scale sociopolitical conflict, such as a revolution or a war, involving many people or many countries.
- A person who wishes for misfortune to happen to someone.
- A person who prays for or invokes evil upon someone.
A country in East Africa bordered by Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, the Central African Republic to the west, and the Republic of the Sudan to the north.
- Referring to agriculture.
- A didactic poem about farming.
The variety of speech that has the lowest prestige and diverges the most from the standard.
A natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure.
(Zoology) Having a body temperature that varies according to the outside temperature.
A deposit resulting from the effects of the pressure waves of a tsunami on the sediments.
An indigenous people of America who live in British Columbia on and around northern Vancouver Island.
Manufactured by hand, without using a machine.
- A person who is older than 60 and younger than 70 years old.
- Being older than 60 and younger than 70 years old.


That is more than the expected or required number.
A disease to Malus trees, such as apple trees, caused by the ascomycete fungus Venturia inaequalis.
A gate that allows air passengers to go from the terminal to the airplane.
To repair a cloth that is unsewn or has a tear.
A social structure in animals where a group is organized into casts of fertile and sterile individuals.
- A plant grown in Asia, Africa and Caribbean which produces an edible and very bitter fruit.
- The fruit of the bitter melon plant.
A Crusader state founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Byzantine Empire which existed from 1204–1261.
A tape coated with an adhesive substance.
A modified, hardened forewing of certain insect orders.
- Not expressing gratitude.
- An ungrateful person.
A type of food that does not have a significant history of consumption or is produced by a relatively new method.
A dinosaur of the species Archaeopteryx lithographica having wings and feathers.
The wife of a count or earl, or the female ruler of a county.
A condition making it difficult or impossible to see in relatively low light.
The inability to see in bright light.
Vegetable oil that is extracted from the pulp of the oil palm.
A recessive genetic disease which affects the entire body, causing progressive disability and often early death.
A device for measuring a human head.
- A flying stinging insect related to the bee, which is usually coloured yellow and black.
- A member of the dominant American upper-class culture, a white Anglo-Saxon Protestant.
The mucus membrane that lines the uterus in mammals and in which fertilized eggs are implanted.
- An unpleasant sensation on the skin that provokes the desire to scratch.
- To feel the need to scratch.
The measurement of local gravity.
A nocturnal, long-haired and bushy-tailed East African rodent.
An umbrella term that represents a new generation distributed computing platform encompassing its own design paradigm and design principles, design pattern catalogs, pattern languages, a distinct architectural model, and related concepts, technologies, and frameworks.
A poisonous cardiac glycoside.
A method of designing electronic components to make them resistant to ionizing radiations.
Interjection used to wish someone a good future, especially after a special event (birthday, wedding, etc.).
A group of islands off the west coast of Scotland.
A torture and execution device designed in ancient Greece which consisted of a hollow bull into which the condemned were placed and roasted to death by a fire underneath.
A device able to send and receive a document through a telephone line.
A replica of a castle made of sand.


Soft dumplings made of flour and semolina or potato or bread crumbs.
- A person who is a supporter of capitalism.
- An owner of (considerable amount of) capital.
- Of or relating to capitalism.
A tea blend aromatised with bergamot oil.
A freshwater fish in the Cyprinidae family, common in northern Eurasia, measuring about 12 cm.
A marine crustacean of the Nephropidae family, normally red in colour, with claws, which is used as a seafood.
- (For animals) Whose embryos develop inside the body of the mother.
- (For plants) Whose seeds germinate before they detach from the parent.
A type of carnivorous aquatic reptile living from the Early Jurassic to the Late Cretaceous.
- in the (uncountable) amount that
- at the intensity or degree that
Suffering from gout.
Exclusive, transferable and usually inheritable power and liberty, recognised to the creator(s) of a literary or artistic work and to his successors in title, to publish, translate, copy, perform etc. it, for free or for a fee.
(For a chemical element) That tend to bond with metallic iron.
Of very poor quality.
Animal that drinks the blood of others sucking it through a puncture wound.
A type of thick noodle in Japanese cuisine made out of wheat flour, salt and water.
- A brief fall of rain.
- An area in which one bathes underneath a spray of water.
- To bathe oneself using a shower.
- To bathe someone or something using a shower.
A glass stemware that is used to drink wine.
A milk substitute made from fermented grain or from flour.
A circular window often found in Gothic churches which is divided into segments that form a pattern.
To heat again something that has cooled down.
- The articles typically sold by stationers, comprising paper, pens, ink, quills, blank books, etc.
- Belonging to, or sold by, a stationer.
The fruit of the watermelon plant (Citrullus vulgaris, Citrullus lanatus), having a green rind and watery flesh that is bright red when ripe and contains black pips.
A triangular device made of wire, wood or plastic with a hook on top that is used to store an item of clothing by hanging.
A filament surrounded by glass which is screwed into the socket of a lamp and which emits light when supplied with current.
A device for connecting electrically operated devices to the power supply, having protruding prongs or pins that fit into matching slots or holes in a power socket.
A variety of eggplant used primarily in Thai cuisine.
A brief electronic message sent from a mobile phone.
A common ingredient used in Asian cuisine that consists of fermented ground shrimp that is dried in the sun.
A system of carrying mail by air.
- The training or instruction provided by a teacher or tutor.
- A sum of money charged for educational instruction during higher education.
- A strong feeling of anxiety.
- To produce responsibility and desire of taking care of.
- To be anxious about something.


An oblong variety of squash.
A nail with a large head.
A rubber or plastic nipple that is put into a baby's mouth in order to comfort or quiet.
A broad category of alcoholic beverages that are distilled from fermented grain mash and aged in wooden casks (generally oak).
- A small evergreen tree (Anacardium occidentale) grown for its cashew nuts and cashew apples.
- The edible seed of the cashew tree.
A bladed tool used for the removal of body hair through the act of shaving.
The edible fruit of the passionflower, a round fruit with a purple or yellow skin which is native to Brazil.
A telecommunication system that uses the Internet protocol to transmit telephone calls.
A measuring instrument consisting of a graduated flexible tape which can be rolled.
A joint formed where the foot and the leg meet.
A booklet without a hard cover or binding.
Pouch in thick absorbent cloth designed to put one's hand in and wash oneself.
A young woman who attends the bride at a wedding ceremony.
Temporarily blinded by the light reflected off snow.
A painful eye condition caused by exposure of insufficiently protected eyes to ultraviolet rays.
- A small tree originally from Persia which produces an edible nut.
- The edible nutlike fruit of the pistachio tree.
A form of epilepsy that develops between the second and sixth year of life and is characterized by frequent seizures and is is often accompanied by developmental delay.
(Of a disease) Impossible to cure.
Occurring after an epileptic seizure.
A bus designed for sightseeing tours.
Enclosed area in which there is a variety of shops.
- An area on the side of a car that cannot be seen by the driver when looking in the mirrors.
- The place where the optic nerve attaches to the retina and the retina cannot detect light.
A ridge on the cerebral cortex.
A plant with blue flowers which is cultivated for its edible seeds and for its fibers that are used to make cloth.
A person whose job is to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard flights.
Money in the form of bills and coins.
A bed designed for two people.
An allotrope of carbon in which carbon atoms are linked together in hexagons. These hexagons are connected and form a cylindrical tube-like body.
Colored products intended to alter the user's appearance.
A pencil with a replaceable and mechanically extendable lead.
- Made of or resembling flax fibers.
- Having the yellow brown colour of flax.


A cosmetic used to draw a dark line around the eyes.
A mental illness described in the 19th century that supposedly caused black slaves to flee captivity.
A type of spoon having a long handle terminating in a deep bowl.
- Having the quality of suppressing spasms.
- A drug that suppresses spasms.
A pattern consisting of many filled circles.
An organ, usually on the tongue, that allows to perceive taste.
The central dish in a meal, usually following an entrée and followed by a dessert.
A congenital oral anomaly that may decrease mobility of the tongue tip and is caused by an unusually short, thick lingual frenulum.
A theoretical approach to psychology that attempts to explain psychological traits as products of natural selection.
A eusocial rodent native to parts of East Africa which lives underground.
Missing one's home and family very much when away.
Producing berries.
A form of locomotion by swinging from tree to tree using only the arms.
Of or pertaining to ballet.
A hen that is kept for its eggs.
Expressing or showing deep respect.
A book for tourists or travelers that provides details about a geographic location.
The first stool of a newborn which consists of materials ingested during the time the infant spends in the uterus.
A condition in which the head is abnormally large.
A storage compartment located above the seats in an airplane.
A device designed to help a wearer to keep his head above the surface of the water.
A room in a building which is used for entry from the outside.
A chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas.
A plant that grows in environments which neither particularly dry nor particularly wet.
A steroid hormone of formula C21H30O5 produced from cholesterol by the cortex of the adrenal gland.
An organ in female quadruped mammals which consists of mammary glands and has several teats.
The incomplete development, or absence, of an organ or tissue.
The eating of human flesh.
A cook who manages other cooks in an establishment such as a restaurant.
The transfer of a contaminant from one source to another.


A service available in some hotels where food and other items is brought directly to the guest in their room.
A small mole found in wet low areas of eastern Canada and the north-eastern United States which has a prominent snount that serves as a touch organ.
Butter from which the water has been removed.
A sculpted female figure serving as an architectural element, for example a pillar.
A psychoactive substance used for the purpose of inducing a mystical or spiritual experience.
(For a flower or a leaf) To hang downwards and lose its rigidity as a result of lack of water.
A chronic sleep disorder characterized by an excessive urge to sleep at inappropriate times.
A venomous coral reef fish natively found in the Indo-Pacific region.
A prepackaged frozen or chilled meal that only needs to be heated before eating.
A machine that allows bank customers to withdraw money.
Thin filament used to clean the areas between the teeth.
The scientific study of the movements of the human body.
A person or company that organizes shipments for individuals or other companies.
Whose surface looks like waves.
A short-acting, intravenously administered, general anaesthetic.
A form of alternative medicine where the iris is used to diagnose medical conditions.
A metal arm guard fastened to leather straps, worn by Roman gladiators to protect their right arm.
- A dicotyledonous plant of the family Convolvulaceae, having an edible tuberous root.
- The edible tuberous root of the plant "Ipomoea batatas".
A barren land not used for construction or cultivation.
To become cloudy.
A ticket or document that can be exchanged for a discount or rebate when purchasing a product.
A delta in Northern Egypt where the Nile River drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
A plant in the verbena family which has a powerful lemon scent and whose leaves are used as herb and tea.
Accumulation of too much fat inside liver cells.
That aids digestion.
Diabetes which occurs during pregnancy and goes away after giving birth.
A full contact combat sport that allows the use of both striking and grappling techniques.
An animal of the Globicephala genus, characterized by a distinctive large, bulbous melon.
- Relieving or suppressing coughing.
- Substance that relieves or suppresses coughing.
The presumed language of the Gaya confederacy (1st to 6th century CE) in the south of the Korean peninsula.
Pertaining to or relating to a parish.