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Swadesh list for East Scandinavian

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Swadesh list of the languages Ethnologue lists as East Scandinavian[edit]

Note: Nynorsk and Jamtska are listed as West Scandinavian, together with Faroese, Icelandic and Norn.

Item 1-40[edit]

English Swedish <swe> Scanian <scy> Dalecarlian <dlc> Bokmål <nob> Danish <dan> Jutish <jut>
1 I jag [[|]] [[|]] jeg jeg [[|]]
2 thou
(singular)
du [[|]] [[|]] du du, De [[|]]
3 he han [[|]] [[|]] han han [[|]]
4 we vi [[|]] [[|]] vi vi [[|]]
5 you
(plural)
ni [[|]] [[|]] dere I [[|]]
6 they de [[|]] [[|]] de de [[|]]
7 this det här [[|]] [[|]] denne den det [[|]]
8 that det där [[|]] eðdar den den der [[|]]
9 here här [[|]] [[|]] her her [[|]]
10 there där [[|]] [[|]] der der [[|]]
11 who vem [[|]] ukin hvem hvem [[|]]
12 what vad [[|]] wen hvem hvad [[|]]
13 where var [[|]] [[|]] hvor hvor [[|]]
14 when när [[|]] [[|]] når hvornår [[|]]
15 how hur [[|]] [[|]] hvordan hvordan [[|]]
16 not inte, ej [[|]] [[|]] ikke ikke [[|]]
17 all alla [[|]] [[|]] alle al [[|]]
18 many många [[|]] mikkler mange mange [[|]]
19 some några, vissa [[|]] [[|]] noen nogen [[|]]
20 few [[|]] [[|]] [[|]]
21 other annan [[|]] [[|]] annen anden [[|]]
22 one ett, en [[|]] [[|]] en en [[|]]
23 two två [[|]] [[|]] to to [[|]]
24 three tre [[|]] [[|]] tre tre [[|]]
25 four fyra [[|]] [[|]] fire fire [[|]]
26 five fem [[|]] [[|]] fem fem [[|]]
27 big stor [[|]] [[|]] stor stor [[|]]
28 long lång [[|]] [[|]] lang lang [[|]]
29 wide bred, vid [[|]] [[|]] vid bred [[|]]
30 thick tjock, grov [[|]] [[|]] tjukk tyk [[|]]
31 heavy tung [[|]] [[|]] tung tung [[|]]
32 small liten [[|]] [[|]] liten lille [[|]]
33 short kort [[|]] [[|]] kort kort [[|]]
34 narrow trång [[|]] [[|]] trang snæver [[|]]
35 thin tunn [[|]] [[|]] tynn tynd [[|]]
36 woman kvinna [[|]] kelingg kvinne kvinde [[|]]
37 man
(adult male)
man, karl [[|]] kall mann mand [[|]]
38 man
(human being)
människa [[|]] [[|]] menneske menneske [[|]]
39 child
(a youth)
barn [[|]] [[|]] barn barn [[|]]
40 wife hustru, maka, fru [[|]] [[|]] hustru, kone hustru, kone [[|]]

Item 41-80[edit]

English Swedish <swe> Scanian <scy> Dalecarlian <dlc> Bokmål <nob> Danish <dan> Jutish <jut>
41 husband make, man [[|]] [[|]] ektemann, mann ægtemand, mand [[|]]
42 mother mor, mamma, moder [[|]] [[|]] mor moder [[|]]
43 father far, pappa, fader [[|]] [[|]] far fader [[|]]
44 animal djur [[|]] [[|]] dyr dyr [[|]]
45 fish fisk [[|]] [[|]] fisk fisk [[|]]
46 bird fågel [[|]] [[|]] fugl fugl [[|]]
47 dog <a domestic animal> hund [[|]] rakke hund hund [[|]]
48 louse lus [[|]] [[|]] lus lus [[|]]
49 snake orm [[|]] [[|]] orm, slange slange [[|]]
50 worm mask [[|]] [[|]] mark orm [[|]]
51 tree träd [[|]] [[|]] tre træ [[|]]
52 forest skog [[|]] [[|]] skog skov [[|]]
53 stick
(of wood)
pinne [[|]] [[|]] kjepp, pinne kæp [[|]]
54 fruit frukt [[|]] [[|]] frukt frugt [[|]]
55 seed frö [[|]] [[|]] frø frø [[|]]
56 leaf löv, blad [[|]] [[|]] løv, blad blad [[|]]
57 root rot [[|]] [[|]] rot rod [[|]]
58 bark
(of tree)
bark [[|]] [[|]] bark bark [[|]]
59 flower blomma [[|]] [[|]] blomst blomst [[|]]
60 grass gräs [[|]] [[|]] gress græs [[|]]
61 rope rep [[|]] [[|]] tau reb [[|]]
62 skin
(of a person)
hud, skinn [[|]] stsjinn hud hud [[|]]
63 meat
(as in flesh)
kött [[|]] [[|]] kjøtt kød [[|]]
64 blood blod [[|]] [[|]] blod blod [[|]]
65 bone ben [[|]] [[|]] bein ben [[|]]
66 fat
(noun)
fett [[|]] [[|]] fett fedt [[|]]
67 egg ägg [[|]] [[|]] egg æg [[|]]
68 horn horn [[|]] [[|]] horn horn [[|]]
69 tail svans [[|]] rumpa hale hale [[|]]
70 feather
(rather not down)
fjäder [[|]] [[|]] fjær fjer [[|]]
71 hair hår [[|]] [[|]] hår hår [[|]]
72 head huvud [[|]] skolle hode hoved [[|]]
73 ear öra [[|]] [[|]] øre øre [[|]]
74 eye öga [[|]] [[|]] øye øje [[|]]
75 nose näsa [[|]] nev nese næse [[|]]
76 mouth mun [[|]] [[|]] munn mund [[|]]
77 tooth
(rather not molar)
tand [[|]] [[|]] tann tand [[|]]
78 tongue tunga [[|]] [[|]] tunge tunge [[|]]
79 fingernail nagel [[|]] [[|]] negl negl [[|]]
80 foot fot [[|]] [[|]] fot fod [[|]]

Item 81-120[edit]

English Swedish <swe> Scanian <scy> Dalecarlian <dlc> Bokmål <nob> Danish <dan> Jutish <jut>
81 leg ben [[|]] [[|]] bein ben [[|]]
82 knee knä [[|]] [[|]] kne knæ [[|]]
83 hand hand [[|]] nevå hånd hånd [[|]]
84 wing vinge [[|]] [[|]] vinge vinge [[|]]
85 belly buk, mage [[|]] [[|]] mage mave [[|]]
86 guts inälvor [[|]] [[|]] tarm tarm [[|]]
87 neck hals, nacke [[|]] [[|]] hals, nakke hals [[|]]
88 back rygg [[|]] [[|]] rygg ryg [[|]]
89 breast bröst [[|]] [[|]] bryst bryst [[|]]
90 heart hjärta [[|]] [[|]] hjerte hjerte [[|]]
91 liver lever [[|]] [[|]] lever lever [[|]]
92 to drink dricka [[|]] [[|]] drikke drikke [[|]]
93 to eat äta [[|]] [[|]] ete, spise spise [[|]]
94 to bite bita [[|]] [[|]] bite bide [[|]]
95 to suck suga [[|]] [[|]] suge sutte [[|]]
96 to spit spotta [[|]] [[|]] spytte spytte [[|]]
97 to vomit kräkas, spy [[|]] [[|]] kaste opp, spy kaste op [[|]]
98 to blow
(as wind)
blåsa [[|]] [[|]] blåse blæse [[|]]
99 to breathe andas [[|]] [[|]] puste ånde [[|]]
100 to laugh skratta [[|]] [[|]] le le [[|]]
101 to see se [[|]] [[|]] se se [[|]]
102 to hear höra [[|]] [[|]] høre höra [[|]]
103 to know
(a fact)
veta [[|]] [[|]] vite vide [[|]]
104 to think tänka [[|]] [[|]] tenke tænke [[|]]
105 to smell
(sense odor)
lukta [[|]] [[|]] lukte lugte [[|]]
106 to fear frukta, rädas [[|]] [[|]] frykte frygte [[|]]
107 to sleep sova [[|]] [[|]] sove sove [[|]]
108 to live leva [[|]] [[|]] leve leve [[|]]
109 to die [[|]] [[|]] [[|]]
110 to kill döda, dräpa [[|]] ela, ev ijel drepe dræbe [[|]]
111 to fight slåss, strida [[|]] [[|]] kjempe, slåss kæmpe [[|]]
112 to hunt
(transitive)
jaga [[|]] [[|]] jage jage [[|]]
113 to hit slå [[|]] [[|]] slå slå [[|]]
114 to cut skära [[|]] [[|]] kutte, skjære skære [[|]]
115 to split dela, klyva [[|]] [[|]] dele, splitte splitte [[|]]
116 to stab
(or stick)
sticka [[|]] [[|]] stikke stikke [[|]]
117 to scratch
(an itch)
klia [[|]] [[|]] klø kradse [[|]]
118 to dig gräva [[|]] [[|]] grave grave [[|]]
119 to swim simma [[|]] simma svømme svømme [[|]]
120 to fly flyga [[|]] [[|]] fly flyve [[|]]

Item 121-160[edit]

English Swedish <swe> Scanian <scy> Dalecarlian <dlc> Bokmål <nob> Danish <dan> Jutish <jut>
121 to walk [[|]] [[|]] [[|]]
122 to come komma [[|]] [[|]] komme komme [[|]]
123 to lie
(as on one's side)
ligga [[|]] [[|]] ligge ligge [[|]]
124 to sit sitta [[|]] [[|]] sitte sidde [[|]]
125 to stand stå [[|]] [[|]] stå stå [[|]]
126 to turn
(change direction)
svänga, vända [[|]] [[|]] snu dreje [[|]]
127 to fall
(as in drop)
falla [[|]] [[|]] falle falde [[|]]
128 to give ge [[|]] [[|]] gi give [[|]]
129 to hold
(in one's hand)
hålla [[|]] [[|]] holde holde [[|]]
130 to squeeze klämma [[|]] [[|]] klemme, presse presse [[|]]
131 to rub gnida [[|]] [[|]] gni gnide [[|]]
132 to wash tvätta [[|]] [[|]] vaske vaske [[|]]
133 to wipe torka, rensa [[|]] [[|]] tørke viske [[|]]
134 to pull dra [[|]] [[|]] dra trække [[|]]
135 to push trycka, putta [[|]] [[|]] trykke skubbe [[|]]
136 to throw kasta [[|]] [[|]] kaste kaste [[|]]
137 to tie knyta, binda [[|]] [[|]] binde, knyte binde [[|]]
138 to sew sy [[|]] [[|]] sy sy [[|]]
139 to count räkna [[|]] [[|]] telle tælle [[|]]
140 to say säga [[|]] [[|]] si sige [[|]]
141 to sing sjunga [[|]] [[|]] synge synge [[|]]
142 to play leka, spela [[|]] [[|]] leke, spille spille [[|]]
143 to float flyta [[|]] [[|]] flyte flyde [[|]]
144 to flow rinna [[|]] [[|]] renne, strømme strømme [[|]]
145 to freeze frysa [[|]] [[|]] fryse fryse [[|]]
146 to swell svälla [[|]] [[|]] svulme svulme [[|]]
147 sun sol [[|]] [[|]] sol sol [[|]]
148 moon måne [[|]] tunggel måne måne [[|]]
149 star stjärna [[|]] [[|]] stjerne stjerne [[|]]
150 water vatten [[|]] [[|]] vann vand [[|]]
151 to rain regna [[|]] [[|]] regne regne [[|]]
152 river flod, å [[|]] [[|]] elv flod [[|]]
153 lake sjö [[|]] [[|]] sjø [[|]]
154 sea
(as in ocean)
hav [[|]] [[|]] hav hav [[|]]
155 salt salt [[|]] [[|]] salt salt [[|]]
156 stone sten [[|]] [[|]] stein sten [[|]]
157 sand sand [[|]] [[|]] sand sand [[|]]
158 dust damm [[|]] [[|]] støv støv [[|]]
159 earth
(as in soil)
jord [[|]] [[|]] jord jord [[|]]
160 cloud moln [[|]] muoln sky sky [[|]]

Item 161-207[edit]

English Swedish <swe> Scanian <scy> Dalecarlian <dlc> Bokmål <nob> Danish <dan> Jutish <jut>
161 fog dimma [[|]] [[|]] tåke tåge [[|]]
162 sky himmel [[|]] [[|]] himmel himmel [[|]]
163 wind
(as in breeze)
vind [[|]] [[|]] vind vind [[|]]
164 snow snö [[|]] [[|]] snø sne [[|]]
165 ice is [[|]] [[|]] is is [[|]]
166 smoke rök [[|]] [[|]] røyk røg [[|]]
167 fire eld [[|]] [[|]] ild ild [[|]]
168 ashes aska [[|]] [[|]] aske aske [[|]]
169 to burn
(intransitive)
brinna [[|]] [[|]] brenne brænde [[|]]
170 road väg [[|]] [[|]] vei vej [[|]]
171 mountain berg [[|]] bjärr fjell bjerg [[|]]
172 red röd [[|]] [[|]] rød rød [[|]]
173 green grön [[|]] [[|]] grønn grøn [[|]]
174 yellow gul [[|]] [[|]] gul gul [[|]]
175 white vit [[|]] [[|]] hvit hvid [[|]]
176 black svart [[|]] [[|]] sort, svart sort [[|]]
177 night natt [[|]] [[|]] natt nat [[|]]
178 day
(daytime)
dag [[|]] [[|]] dag dag [[|]]
179 year år [[|]] [[|]] år år [[|]]
180 warm
(as in weather)
varm [[|]] warm varm varm [[|]]
181 cold
(as in weather)
kall [[|]] [[|]] kald kold [[|]]
182 full full [[|]] [[|]] full fuld [[|]]
183 new ny [[|]] [[|]] ny ny [[|]]
184 old gammal [[|]] [[|]] gammel gammel [[|]]
185 good god, bra [[|]] [[|]] god god [[|]]
186 bad ond, dålig [[|]] [[|]] dårlig dårlig [[|]]
187 rotten
(as, a log)
rutten [[|]] [[|]] råtten rådden [[|]]
188 dirty smutsig [[|]] [[|]] møkkete, Expression:skitten snavset [[|]]
189 straight rak [[|]] [[|]] rett lige [[|]]
190 round rund [[|]] kringlun rund rund [[|]]
191 sharp
(as a knife)
vass [[|]] [[|]] skarp skarp [[|]]
192 dull
(as a knife)
slö [[|]] [[|]] sløv stump [[|]]
193 smooth slät, len [[|]] [[|]] glatt glat [[|]]
194 wet våt [[|]] [[|]] våt våd [[|]]
195 dry
(adjective)
torr [[|]] [[|]] tørr tør [[|]]
196 right
(correct)
rätt, riktig [[|]] [[|]] korrekt, riktig rigtig [[|]]
197 near nära [[|]] [[|]] nær nær [[|]]
198 far avlägsen, fjärran [[|]] [[|]] fjern fjern [[|]]
199 right
(side)
höger [[|]] [[|]] høyre højre [[|]]
200 left
(side)
vänster [[|]] [[|]] venstre venstre [[|]]
201 at hos, vid [[|]] [[|]] ved ved [[|]]
202 in i [[|]] [[|]] i i [[|]]
203 with
(accompanying)
med [[|]] [[|]] med med [[|]]
204 and och [[|]] [[|]] og og [[|]]
205 if om [[|]] [[|]] om, hvis, dersom hvis [[|]]
206 because eftersom, ty [[|]] [[|]] fordi fordi [[|]]
207 name namn [[|]] [[|]] navn navn [[|]]